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1 Timothy 1


 1 Paul (1) an Apostle of Jesus Christ, by the (*) commandment of God our Saviour, and of our Lord Jesus Christ our hope,


(1) First of all, he avoucheth his own free vocation, and also Timothy's, that the one might be confirmed by the other; and therewithal he declareth the sum of the Apostolical doctrine, to wit, the mercy of God in Christ Jesus apprehended by faith, the end whereof is yet hoped for.

(*) Or, ordinance.


 2 Unto Timothy my (*) natural son in the faith: Grace, (a) mercy, and peace from God our Father, and from Christ Jesus our Lord.


(*) So called because he followed the simplicity of the Gospel.

(a) There is as much difference between mercy and grace, as is between the effect and the cause; For grace is that free good will of God, whereby he chose us in Christ, and mercy is that free justification which followeth it.


 3  (2) As I besought thee to abide still in Ephesus, when I departed into Macedonia, so do, that thou mayest command some, that they teach none other doctrine,


(2) This whole Epistle consisteth in admonitions, wherein all the duties of a faithful Pastor are lively set out. And the first admonition is this, that no innovation be made either in the Apostle's doctrine itself, or in the manner of teaching it.


 4  (3) Neither that they give heed to (*) fables and (b) genealogies (♣) which are endless, which breed questions rather than godly edifying which is by faith.


(3) The doctrine is corrupted not only by false opinions, but also by vain and curious speculations; the declaration and utterance whereof can nothing help our faith.

(*) Colossians 2:8; 1 Timothy 4:7; Titus 1:14;
(b) He noteth out one kind of vain question.

(♣) 1 Timothy 6:4 .


 5  (4) (*) For the (♣) end of the (c) commandment is (d) love out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned.


(4) The second admonition is, that the right use and practice of the doctrine must be joined with the doctrine. And that consisteth in pure charity, and a good conscience, and true faith.

(*) Romans 13:10 .

(♣) Because these questionists preferred their curious fables to all other knowledge, and beautified them with the Law, as if they had been the very Law of God, Paul sheweth that the end of God's Law is love, which cannot be without a good conscience, neither a good conscience without faith, nor faith without the word of God; so their doctrine which is an occasion of contention is worth nothing.
(c) Of the Law.
(d) There is neither love without a good conscience, nor a good conscience without faith, nor faith without the word of God.


 6  (5) From the which things some have erred, and have turned unto vain jangling.


(5) That which he spake before generally of vain and curious controversies, he applieth to them, which pretending a zeal of the Law, dwelled upon outward things, and never made an end of babbling of foolish trifles.


 7  (6) They would be doctors of the Law, and yet understand not what they speak, neither whereof they affirm.


(6) There are none more unlearned, and more impudent in usurping the name of holiness, than foolish sophistical babblers.


 8  (7) (*) And we know, that the Law is good, if a man use it lawfully;


(7) The taking away of an objection: he condemneth not the Law, but requireth the right use and practice of it.

(*) Romans 7:12 .


 9  (8) Knowing this, that the Law is not given unto a (e) (*) righteous man, but unto the lawless and disobedient, to the ungodly, and to (f) (♣) sinners, to the unholy, and to the profane, to murderers of fathers and mothers, to manslayers,


(8) He indeed escapeth the curse of the Law, and therefore doeth not abhor it, who fleeing and eschewing those things which the Law condemneth, giveth himself with all his heart to observe it; and not he that maketh a vain babbling of outward and curious matters.
(e) And such a one is he, whom the Lord hath endued with true doctrine, and with the holy Ghost.

(*) Whose hearts God's Spirit doeth direct to do that willingly which the Law requireth; so that their godly affection is to them as a Law without further constraint.
(f) To such as make an art, as it were, of sinning.

(♣) Such as only delight in sinning.


 10 To whoremongers, to (♣) buggerers, to (*) menstealers, to liars, to the perjured, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to wholesome doctrine,


(♣) Unnatural sexual intercourse; a sodomite.

(*) Which steal away children or servants.


 11  (9) Which is according to the glorious Gospel of the (*) blessed God, (10) which is committed unto me.


(9) He setteth against fond and vain babbling, not only the Law, but the Gospel also, which condemneth not, but greatly commendeth the wholesome doctrine contained in the commandments of God, and therefore he calleth it a glorious Gospel, and the Gospel of the blessed God, the virtue whereof these babblers knew not.

(*) 1 Timothy 6:15 .
(10) A reason why neither any other Gospel is to be taught than he hath taught in the Church, neither after any other sort, because there is no other Gospel besides that which God committed to him.


 12  (11) Therefore (*) I thank him which hath made me (g) strong, that is, Christ Jesus our Lord, for he counted me faithful, and put me in his service;


(11) He maintaineth of necessity his Apostleship against some that did carp at his former life, debasing himself, even to hell, to advance Christ's only mercy, wherewith he abolished all those his former doings.

(*) He declareth to Timothy the excellent force of God's Spirit in them whom he hath chosen to bear his word, although before they were Gods utter enemies, to encourage him in this battle that he should fight against all infidels and hypocrites.
(g) Who gave me strength, not only when I had no will to do well, but also when I was wholly given to evil.


 13 When before I was a (h) blasphemer, and a persecutor, and an oppressor, but I was received to mercy, for I did it (*) ignorantly through unbelief.


(h) These are the preparative works which Paul braggeth of.

(*) Not knowing that I fought against God.


 14 But the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant (12) with (*) faith and (♣) love, which is in Christ Jesus.


(12) He proveth this change by the effects, for that, which he that was a profane man, is become a believer; and he that did most outrageously persecute Christ, burneth now in love towards him.

(*) Which chased away infidelity.

(♣) Which overcame cruelty.


 15  (13) This is a (i) (♣) true saying, and by all means worthy to be received, that (*) Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief.


(13) He turneth the reproach of the adversaries upon their own head, shewing that this singular example of the goodness of God, redoundeth of the whole Church.
(i) Worthy to be believed.

(♣) Or, faithful and assured.

(*) Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:17 .


 16 Notwithstanding, for this cause was I received to mercy, that Jesus Christ should first shew on me all longsuffering unto the example of them, which shall in time to come believe in him unto eternal life.


 17  (14) (*) Now unto the King everlasting, immortal, invisible, unto God (k) only wise, be honor and glory, forever, and ever, Amen.


(14) He breaketh out into an exclamation, even for very zeal of mind, for that he cannot satisfy himself in amplifying the grace of God.

(*) He brasteth forth into these godly affections, considering God's great mercy toward him.
(k) Look at John 17:3 .


 18  (15) This commandment commit I unto thee, son Timothy, according to the (♣) prophecies, which went before upon thee, that thou (l) by them shouldest (*) fight a good fight,


(15) The conclusion of both the former fatherly admonitions, to wit, that Timothy striving manfully against all lets, being called to the ministry according to many prophecies which went before of him, should both maintain the doctrine which he had received, and keep also a good conscience.

(♣) It appeareth that the vocation of Timothy was approved by notable prophecies, which then were revealed in the primitive Church as Paul and Barnabas by the oracle were appointed to go to the Gentiles.
(l) By the help of them.

(*) 1 Timothy 6:12 .


 19 Having (m) faith and a good conscience, (16) which some have put away, and as concerning faith, have made shipwreck.


(m) Wholesome and sound doctrine.
(16) Whosoever keep not a good conscience, do lose also by little and little, the gift of understanding; which he proveth by two most lamentable examples.


 20 Of whom is Hymenaeus, and Alexander, (*) (17) whom I have (n) delivered unto Satan, that they might (o) learn not to blaspheme.


(*) 1 Corinthians 5:5 .

(17) Such as fall from God, and his religion, are not to be sustered in the Church, but rather ought to be excommunicated.
(n) Cast out of the Church, and so delivered them to Satan.
(o) That by their smart they might learn what it is to blaspheme.




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