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1 Timothy 4


 1 Now (1) the Spirit speaketh evidently, that in the (*) latter times some shall depart from the (a) faith, and shall give heed unto (♣) spirits of error, and doctrines of devils,


(1) He setteth against that true doctrine, false opinions, which he foretelleth that certain which shall fall away from God and his religion, shall bring in by the suggestion of Satan, and so that a great number shall give ear to them.

(*) 2 Timothy 3:1; 2 Peter 3:3; Jude 1:18 .
(a) From the true doctrine of God.

(♣) False teachers, which boast themselves that they have the revelation of the holy Ghost.


 2  (2) Which speak lies through (b) hypocrisy, and have their (c) (*) consciences burned with a hot iron,


(2) Although heretics counterfeit holiness never so much, yet they have no conscience.
(b) For they will as it were practice the art of disguised persons and players, so that we may not think they will lie lurking in some one corner, or keep any resemblance of shamefastness.
(c) Whose conscience waxed so hard, that there grew a hard fleshiness over it, and so became to have a canker on it, and now at length required by very necessity to be burned with a hot iron.

(*) Their dull consciences first waxed hard, then after, canker and corruption bred therein, last of all it was burned of with a hot iron, so that he meaneth such as have no conscience, Ephesians 4:19 .


 3  (3) Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats (4) which God hath created (5) to be received (6) with giving thanks of them which believe and know the truth.


(3) He setteth down two kinds of this false doctrine, to wit, the Law of sole life, and difference of meats.
(4) He proveth that he justly called such doctrines devilish, first, because the teachers of them make laws of things which are not their own; for have they created the meats?
(5) Secondly, because they overthrow with their decrees, the end wherefore they were created of God, to wit, that we should use them.
(6) Thirdly, for that by this means they rob God of his glory, who will be honored in the use of them. And herewithal the Apostle declareth that we must use the liberality of God soberly, and with a good conscience.


 4  (7) For every creature of God is good, and nothing ought to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving.


(7) He setteth an Apostolical rule, for taking away the difference of meats, against that false doctrine.


 5  (8) For it is (d) (*) sanctified by the (e) word of God, and prayer.


(8) He useth God's benefits rightly, which acknowledgeth the giver of them by his word, and calleth upon him.
(d) It is so made pure and holy in respect of us, so that we may use it with a good conscience, as received from the Lord's hands.

(*) Unto us, which receive it, as at Godís hands.
(e) We confess and acknowledge that God is the maker and giver of those creatures which we use. Secondly, that we are of those, who through Christ's benefit, have recovered that right over all creatures, which Adam lost by his fall. Thirdly, by our prayers we crave of the Lord, that we may use those meats with a good conscience, which we receive from his hands. Fourthly, we make an end of our eating and drinking, with thanksgiving and prayer; and so are our meats sanctified to us.


 6  (9) If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, which hast been nourished up in the words of faith, and of good doctrine, which thou hast continually (f) followed.


(9) The conclusion with an exhortation to Timothy, to propound these things diligently to the Churches, which he had sucked of the Apostle even in a manner from the teat.
(f) Never departing from the side of it.


 7  (10) (*) But cast away profane, and old wivesí fables, (11) and exercise thyself unto (g) godliness.


(10) He setteth again true doctrine not only against that false and apostatical doctrine, but also against all vain and curious subtilities.

(*) 1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 6:20; 2 Timothy 2:16; 2 Timothy 2:23; Titus 3:9 .
(11) It is not only requisite that the minister of the word be sound in doctrine, but also that his life be godly and religious.
(g) In the true serving of God.


 8 (12) For (*) bodily exercise profiteth little, but (♣) godliness is profitable unto all things, which hath the promise of the life present, and of that which is to come.


(12) Godliness consisteth in spiritual exercise, and not in outward aulterness of life, which though it be something to be accounteth of, if it be rightly used, yet it is in no wise comparable with godliness; for it profiteth not of itself, but through the benefit of another; but this hath the promise both of the present life, and of that which is to come.

(*) Meaning to be given to ceremonies and to such things as delight the fantasy of man.

(♣) That is, he that hath faith and a good conscience, is promised to have all things necessary for this life, and to enjoy life everlasting.


 9  (13) This is a true saying, and by all means worthy to be received.


(13) He goeth a little from his matter, and sheweth that they which give themselves to godliness, although they are afflicted and reproached, are notwithstanding not to be counted miserable as other men are, because they are not afflicted for that cause that other men are, and the end of them both is far different one from the other. For how can God forsake his own, which is bountiful even towards his enemies? And he willeth that this doctrine be well beaten into their heads.


 10 For therefore we labor and are rebuked, because we trust in the living God, which is the (*) Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.


(*) The goodness of God declareth itself toward all men, but chiefly towards the faithful by preserving them; and here he meaneth not of life everlasting.


 11 These things command and teach.


 12  (14) Let no man despise thy youth, but be unto them that believe, an example, in word, in conversation, in love, in (*) spirit, in faith, and in pureness.


(14) Now he returneth to that exhortation, shewing which are the virtues of a Pastor, whereby he may come to be reverenced, although he be young, to wit, such speech and life as are witnesses of charity, zeal, faith, and purity, but here is no mention made of the crosier staff, ring, cloak, and such other foolish and childish toys.

(*) In godly zeal or gifts of the Spirit.


 13  (15) Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, and to doctrine.


(15) The private exercise of Pastors, is the continual reading of the Scriptures, whence out they may draw water out of wholesome doctrine and exhortation, both to themselves and to others.


 14 Despise not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee (*) by prophecy with the laying on of the hands of the company of the (♣) Eldership.


(*) And revelation of the holy Ghost.

(♣) Under this name he containeth the whole ministry of the Church which was at Ephesus.


 15 These things exercise, and give thyself unto them, that (*) it may be seen how thou profitest among all men.


(*) Or, that all may see how thou profitest.


 16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto learning; continue therein, for in doing this thou (*) shalt both (h) save thyself, and them that hear thee.


(*) Thou shalt faithfully do thy duty which is an assurance of thy salvation.

(h) Faith is by hearing, and hearing by preaching; and therefore the ministers of the word are so said to save themselves and others, for that in them the Lord hath put the word of reconciliation.



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