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Ephesians 6


 1 Children, (1) (*) obey your parents (2) in the (a) Lord, (3) for this is right.


(1) He cometh to another part of a family, and sheweth that the duty of the children toward their parents, consisteth in obedience unto them.

(*) Colossians 3:20 .
(2) The first argument; because God hath so appointed; whereupon it followeth also, that children are so far forth bound to obey their parents, as they may not swarve from the true worship of God.
(a) For the Lord is author of all fatherhood, and therefore we must yield such obedience as he will have us.
(3) The second argument; because this obedience is most just.


 2  (*) (4) Honor thy father and mother ( (5) which is the first commandment with (b) (♣) promise.)


(*) Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16; Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10 .

(4) A proof of the first argument.
(5) The third argument, taken of the profit that ensueth thereby; because the Lord vouchsafed this commandment amongst the rest, of a special blessing.
(b) With a special promise; for otherwise the second commandment hath a promise of mercy to a thousand generations, but that promise is general.

(♣) This is the first commandment of the second tablet and hath the promise with condition.


 3 That it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest live long on earth.


 4  (6) And ye fathers, provoke not your children to (*) wrath, but bring them up in (♣) instruction and (c) information of the Lord.


(6) It is the duty of fathers to use their fatherly authority moderately, and to God's glory.

(*) By authority.

(♣) That they be not brought up in wantonness, but in the fear of the Lord.
(c) Such information and precepts, as being taken out of God's book are holy and acceptable to him.


 5  (7) (*) Servants, be obedient unto them that are your masters, (8) (♣) according to the flesh, with (d) fear and trembling in singleness of your hearts, as unto Christ,


(7) Now he ascendeth to the third part of a family, to wit, to the duty both of the masters and of the servants. And he sheweth that the duty of servants consisteth in a hearty love and reverence to their master.

(*) Colossians 3:22; Titus 2:9; 1 Peter 2:18 .
(8) He mitigateth the sharpness of service, in that they are spiritually free, notwithstanding the same, and yet that spiritual freedom taketh not away corporal service, insomuch that they cannot be Christ's, unless they serve their masters willingly and faithfully, so far forth as they may with safe conscience.

(♣) Which have dominion over your bodies, but not over the souls.
(d) With careful reverence; for slavish fear is not allowable, much less in Christian servants.


 6 Not with service to the eye, as men pleasers, but as the servants of Christ, (9) doing the will of God from the heart.


(9) To cut off occasion of all pretences, he teaches us that it is God's will that some are either born or made servants, and therefore they must respect God's will, although their service be never so hard.


 7 With good will, serving the (e) Lord, and not men.


(e) Being moved with a reverence Godward, as though ye served God himself.


 8  (10) And know ye that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, that same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.


(10) Although they serve unkind and cruel masters, yet the obedience of servants is no less acceptable to God, than the obedience of them that are free.


 9  (11) And ye masters, do the same things unto them, putting away threatening, and know that even (♣) your master also is in heaven, neither is there (*) (f) (♠) respect of person with him.


(11) It is the duty of masters to use the authority that they have over their servants modestly, and holily, seeing that they in another respect have a common master, which is in heaven, who will judge both the bond and the free.

(♣) Or, hath yours and their masters.

(*) Deuteronomy 10:17; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Job 34:19; Acts 10:34; Romans 2:11; Galatians 2:6; Colossians 3:25; 1 Peter 1:17 .
(f) Either of freedom or bondage.

(♠) Whether he be servant or master.


 10  ∂ (12) Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.


(12) He concludeth the other part of this Epistle with a grave exhortation, that all be ready, and fight constantly, trusting to spiritual weapons, until their enemies be clean put to flight. And first of all, he warneth us to take up the armor of God, whereby only our enemy be dispatched.


 11 Put on the (*) whole armor of God, that ye may be able to stand against the assaults of the devil.


(*) Or, complete harness.


 12  (13) For we wrestle not against (♣) flesh and (g) blood, but against (*) (h) principalities, against powers, and against the worldly governors, the princes of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness, which are in the high places.


(13) Secondly he declareth that our chiefest and mightiest enemies are invisible, that we may not think that our chiefest conflict is with men.

(♣) The faithful have not only to strive against men and themselves, but against Satan the spiritual enemy, who is most dangerous; for he is over our heads so that we cannot reach him, but he must be resisted by Godís grace.
(g) Against men, which are of a frail and brittle nature, against which are set spiritual subtilities, more mighty than the other by a thousand parts.

(*) Ephesians 2:2 .
(h) He giveth these names to the evil angels, reason of the effects which they work; not that they are able to do the same of themselves, but because God giveth them the bridle.


 13  (14) For this cause take unto you the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to resist in the (l) evil day, and having finished all things, stand fast.


(14) He sheweth that these enemies are put to flight with the only armor of God, to wit, with uprightness of conscience, a godly and holy life, knowledge of the Gospel, faith, and to be short, with the word of God, and using daily earnest prayer for the health of the Church, and especially, for the constancy of the true, godly, and valiant ministers of the word.
(i) Look at Ephesians 5:16 .


 14 Stand therefore, and your loins girded about with verity, and having on the breastplate of (*) righteousness,


(*) Innocency and godly life.


 15 And your feet shod with the (k) (*) preparation of the Gospel of peace.


(k) That the preparation of the Gospel may be as it were shoes to you; and it is very fitly called the Gospel of peace, for that, seeing we have to go to God through most dangerous ranks of enemies, this may encourage us to go on manfully, in that we know by the doctrine of the Gospel, that we take our journey to God, who is at peace with us.

(*) That ye may be ready to suffer all things for the Gospel.


 16 Above all, take the shield of faith, wherewith ye may quench all the fiery darts of the wicked,


 17  (*) And take the helmet of (♣) salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.


(*) Isaiah 59:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:8 .

(♣) The salvation purchased by Jesus Christ.


 18 And pray always with all manner prayer and supplication in the (l) Spirit, and (*) watch thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all Saints,


(l) That holy prayers may proceed from the holy Spirit.

(*) Colossians 4:3 .


 19  (*) And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly to publish the secret of the Gospel,


(*) 2 Thessalonians 3:1 .


 20 Whereof I am the ambassador in bonds, that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.


 21  ∂ (15) But that ye may also know my affairs, and what I do, Tychicus my dear brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall shew you of all things;


(15) A familiar and very amiable declaration of his state, together with a solemn prayer, wherewith Paul is wont to end his Epistles.


 22 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know my affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.


 23 Peace be with the brethren, and love with faith from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.


 24 Grace be with all them which love our Lord Jesus Christ, to their (m) (*) immortality, Amen.


(m) To life everlasting.

(*) Or to be without corruption, that is, to have life everlasting, which is the end of this grace.




Written from Rome unto the Ephesians, and sent by Tychicus.



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