GENEVA BIBLE 1599

 

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Galatians 5

 

 1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

 

 2  (1) (*) Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be (a) (♣) circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

 

(1) Another obtestation wherein he plainly witnesseth that justification of works, and justification of faith cannot stand together, because no man can be justified by the Law, but he that doeth fully and perfectly fulfill it. And he taketh the example of circumcision, because it was the ground of all the service of the Law, and was chiefly urged by the false apostles.

(*) Acts 15:1 .
(a) Circumcision is in other places called the seal of righteousness, but here we must have consideration of the circumstance of the Baptism, come in the place of circumcision. And moreover Paul reasoneth according to the opinion that his enemies had of it, which made circumcision a piece of their salvation.

(♣) If you join circumcision to the Gospel, as a thing necessary to salvation.

 

 3 For I testify again to every man, which is circumcised, that he is bound to keep the whole Law.

 

 4 Ye are (*) (b) abolished from Christ, whosoever are (c) justified by the Law, ye are fallen from grace.

 

(*) 1 Corinthians 1:17 .

(b) That is, as he himself expoundeth it afterwards, ye are fallen from grace.
(c) That is, seek to be justified by the Law, for indeed no man is justified by the Law.

 

 5  (2) For we through the (d) Spirit (*) wait for the hope of righteousness through faith.

 

(2) He privily compareth the new people with the old; for it is certain that they also did ground all their hope of justification and life in faith, and not in circumcision, but so, that their faith was wrapped in the external and ceremonial worship; but our faith is bare and content with spiritual worship.
(d) Through the Spirit, which engendereth faith.

(*) We live in hope through that Spirit which causeth faith and which is given to the faithful that we should by faith and not by the Law obtain the crown of glory, which Christ giveth freely.

 

 6  (3) For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth anything, neither (4) uncircumcision, (5) but (e) faith which worketh by love.

 

(3) He addeth a reason, for now circumcision is abolished, seeing that Christ is exhibited unto us with full plenty of spiritual circumcision.
(4) He maketh mention also of uncircumcision, lest the Gentiles should please themselves in it, as the Jews do in circumcision.
(5) The taking away of an objection; If all that worship of the Law be taken away, wherein then shall we exercise ourselves? In charity, saith Paul; for faith, whereof we speak, cannot be idle, nay it bringeth forth daily fruits of charity.
(e) So is true faith distinguished from counterfeit faith; for charity is not joined to faith as a fellow cause, to help forward our justification with faith.

 

 7  (6) Ye did run well; who did let you, that ye did not obey the (*) truth?

 

(6) Again he chideth the Galatians, but with an admiration, and therewithal a praise of their former race, to the end that he may make them more ashamed.

(*) Then whatsoever is not the word of God, which here he calleth truth, is very lies.

 

 8  (7) It is not the persuasion of (f) him that (*) calleth you.

 

(7) He playeth the part of an Apostle with them, and useth his authority, denying that the doctrine can come from God which is contrary to his.
(f) Of God.

(*) Which is God.

 

 9  (*) (8) A little (♣) leaven doeth leaven the whole lump.

 

(*) 1 Corinthians 5:6 .

(8) He addeth this, that he may not seem to contend upon a trifle, warning them diligently (by a similitude which he borroweth of leaven, as Christ himself also did) not to suffer the purity of the Apostolic doctrine, to be infected with the least corruption that may be.

(♣) A little corruption doeth destroy the whole doctrine.

 

 10  (9) I have trust in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise (*) minded; but he that troubleth you, shall bear his condemnation, whosoever he be.

 

(9) He mitigateth the former reprehension, casting the fault upon the false apostles, against whom he denounceth the horrible judgment of God.

(*) That ye will embrace the word of God purely.

 

 11  (10) And brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? Then is the (*) slander of the cross abolished.

 

(10) He willeth them to consider how that he seeketh not his own profit in this matter, seeing that he could eschew the hatred of men, if he would join Judaism with Christianity.

(*) That is, the doctrine of the Gospel, which the world abhorred, as a slanderous thing, and therewith were offended.

 

 12  (11) I would to God they were even cut off which do (g) disquiet you.

 

(11) An example of a true Pastor inflamed with the zeal of God's glory, and love for his flock.
(g) For they that preach the Law, cause men's consciences always to tremble.

 

 13 For brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; (12) only use not your liberty as an occasion unto the flesh, but by love serve one another.

 

(12) The third part of this Epistle, shewing that the right use of Christian liberty consisteth in this, that being delivered from the slavery of sin and the flesh, and being obedient to the Spirit, we should serve unto one anotherísí salvation through love.

 

 14  (13) For (h) all the Law is fulfilled in one word, which is this, (*) Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

 

(13) He propoundeth the love of our neighbor, as a mark whereunto all Christians ought to refer all their actions, and thereunto he citeth the testimony of the Law.
(h) This particle (All) must be restrained to the second table.

(*) Leviticus 19:18; Matthew 22:39; Mark 12:31; Romans 13:9; James 2:8 .

 

 15  (14) If ye bite and devour one another, take heed lest ye be consumed one of another.

 

(14) An exhortation to the duties of charity by the profit that ensueth thereof, because that no men provide worse for themselves, than they that hate one another.

 

 16  (15) Then I say, (*) Walk in the (♣) Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lusts of the flesh.

 

(15) He acknowledgeth the great weakness of the godly, for that they are but in part regenerated; but he willeth them to remember that they are endued with the Spirit of God, which hath delivered them from the slavery of sin, and so of the Law so far forth as it is the virtue of sin, that they should not give themselves to lusts.

(*) Romans 13:14; 1 Peter 2:11 .

(♣) In the man regenerate.

 

 17 For the (i) (*) flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary one to another, so that ye cannot do the same things that ye would.

 

(i) For the flesh dwelleth even in the regenerated man, but the Spirit reigneth although not without great strife, as is largely set forth in Romans 7 .

(*) That is, the natural man striveth against the Spirit of regeneration.

 

 18 And if ye be led by the (*) Spirit, ye are not under the Law.

 

(*) If you be guided by the Spirit of adoption, that which ye do, is agreeable to God although it be not perfect.

 

 19  (16) Moreover the works of the flesh are manifest, which are adultery, fornication, uncleanness, wantonness,

 

(16) He setteth out that particularly, which he spake generally, reckoning up some chief effects of the flesh, and opposing them to the fruits of the Spirit, that no man may pretend ignorance.

 

 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, debate, emulations, wrath, contentions, seditions, heresies,

 

 21 Envy, murders, drunkenness, gluttony, and such like, whereof I tell you before, as I also have told you before, that they which do such things, shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

 

 22 But the (k) fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,

 

(k) Therefore, they are not the fruits of free will, but so far forth as our will is made free by grace.  

 

 23 Meekness, temperancy; (17) against such there is (*) no law.

 

(17) Lest that any man should object that Paul played the Sophister, as one who urging the Spirit, urgeth nothing but that which the Law commandeth, he sheweth that he requireth not that literal and outward obedience, but spiritual, which proceedeth not from the Law, but from the Spirit of Christ, which doeth beget us again, and must and ought to be the ruler and guider of our life.

(*) For they are under the Spirit, or grace.

 

 24 For they that are Christís, (*) have crucified the flesh with the affections and the lusts.

 

(*) Christ hath not only remitted their sins, but sanctified them into newness of life.

 

 25 If we (l) live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the (*) Spirit.

 

(l) If we be indeed endued with the quickening Spirit, which causeth us to die to sin, and live to God, let us shew it in our deeds, that is, by holiness of life.

(*) That being dead to sin and living to God, we may declare the same in holiness and innocency of life.

 

 26  (18) Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.

 

(18) He addeth peculiar exhortations according as he knew the Galatians subject to divers vices; and first of all he warneth them to take heed of ambition, which vice hath two fellows, backbiting and envy, out of which two it cannot be but many contentions must needs arise.

 

 

 

Steve
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