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John 13


 1 Now (*) (1) before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come, that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, for as much as he loved his (a) own which were in the world, unto the end he (♣) loved them.


(*) Matthew 26:2; Mark 14:1; Luke 22:1 .

(1) Christ no less certain of the victory, than of the combat which was at hand, using the sign of washing the feet, doth partly thereby give an example of singular modesty, and his great love toward his Apostles in this notable act, being like very shortly to depart from them; and partly witnesseth unto them, that it is he only which washeth away the filth of his people, and that by little and little, in their time and season.
(a) Them of his household, that is, his Saints.

(♣) Because he saw the danger great which was toward them, therefore he took the greater care for them.


 2 And when (*) supper was done (and that the devil had now put in the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simonís son, to betray him.)


(*) Which was the eating of the Passover.


 3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his (b) hands, and that he was come forth from God, and went to God,


(b) Into his power.


 4 He (c) riseth from supper, and layeth aside his upper garments, and took a towel, and girded himself.


(c) In that he is said to rise, it argueth that there was a space between the ceremonies of the Passover, and this washing of feet, at what time it seemeth that the Supper was instituted.


 5 After that, he poured water into a basin, and began to wash the disciplesí feet, and to wipe them with the towel, wherewith he was girded.


 6 Then came he to Simon Peter, who said to him, Lord, doest thou wash my feet?


 7 Jesus answered, and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now, but thou shalt know it hereafter.


 8 Peter said unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I (*) wash thee not, thou shalt have (d) no part with me.


(*) And make thee clean from thy sins.

(d) Unless thou suffer me to wash thee, thou shalt have no part in the kingdom of heaven.


 9 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also the hands and the head.


 10 Jesus said to him, He that is washed, needeth not, save to (♣) wash his feet, but is clean every whit; and ye are (*) clean, but not all.


(♣) That is, to be continually purged of his corrupt affections and worldly cares which remain daily in us.

(*) John 15:3 .


 11 For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.


 12  ∂ So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?


 13 Ye call me Master, and Lord, and ye say well, for so am I.


 14 If I then your Lord, and Master, have washed your feet, ye also ought to wash (*) one anotherís feet.


(*) To serve one another.


 15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do, even as I have done to you.


 16 Verily, verily I say unto you, (*) The servant is not greater than his master, neither the (♣) ambassador greater than he that sent him.


(*) John 15:20; Matthew 10:24; Luke 6:40 .

(♣) The word signifieth an Apostle, which is anyone that is sent from another.


 17 If ye know these things, blessed are ye if ye do them.


 18  ∂ (2) I speak not of you all. I know whom I have chosen; but it is that the Scripture might be fulfilled, (*) He that eateth bread with me, hath (♣) lifted up his heel against me.


(2) The betraying of Christ was not casual, or a thing that happened by chance, but the Father so ordained the cause of our salvation, to reconcile us unto himself in his Son, and the Son did willingly and voluntarily obey the Father.

(*) Psalm 42:9 .

(♣) Under pretence of friendship seeketh his destruction.


 19 From henceforth tell I you before it come, that when it is come to pass, ye might believe that I am (*) he.


(*) To wit, the Christ and redeemer of the world.


 20  (*) Verily, verily I say unto you, If I send any, he that receiveth him, receiveth me, and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me.


(*) Matthew 10:40; Luke 10:16 .


 21 When Jesus had said these things, he was (*) troubled in the Spirit, and (e) testified, and said, Verily, verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.


(*) For very horror and indignation of such an abominable act as Judas should commit.

(e) He affirmed it openly, and sealeth it.


 22  (*) Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.


(*) Matthew 26:21; Mark 14:18; Luke 22:21 .


 23 Now there was one of his disciples, which (f) leaned on Jesusí (*) bosom, whom Jesus loved.


(f) John his leaning was such, that sitting down in his bed, his head was toward Jesus his head; so that it is was an easy matter for him to touch Jesus his bosom, for it is certain that in old times men used not to sit at the table, but to lie down on the one side.

(*) Their fashion was not to fit at table, but having their shoes off, and cushions under their elbows, leaned on their sides, as it were half lying.


 24 To him beckoned therefore Simon Peter, that he should ask who it was of whom he spake.


 25 He then as he leaned on Jesusí breast, said unto him, Lord, who is it?


 26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And he wet a sop, and gave it to Judas Iscariot, Simonís son.


 27 And after the sop, (*) Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.


(*) Satan took full possession of him.


 28 But none of them that were at table, knew, for what cause he spake it unto him.


 29 For some of them thought because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or that he should give something to the poor.


 30 As soon then as he had received the sop, he went immediately out, and it was night.


 31  ∂ (3) When he was gone out, Jesus said, (g) (*) Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.


(3) We have to consider the glorifying of Christ in his ignominy.
(g) This verse and the next following, are a most plain and evident testimony of the divinity of Christ.

(*) Meaning. That his cross shall engender a marvelous glory, and that in it shall shine the infinite bounty of God.


 32 If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.


 33  (4) Little children, yet a little while am I with you. Ye shall seek me, but as I said unto the (*) Jews, Whither I go, can ye not come. Also to you say I now.


(4) The eternal glory shall flow by little and little from the head into the members. But in the mean time, we must take good heed that we pass over the race of this life in brotherly love.

(*) John 7:34 .


 34  (*) (♣) A new commandment give I unto you, that ye love one another, as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.


(*) Leviticus 19:18; Matthew 22:39; John 15:12; 1 John 4:21 .

(♣) Whereof we ought to have continual remembrance as though it were even newly given.


 35 By this shall all men know, that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.


 36  (5) Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou (*) shalt follow me afterwards.


(5) A heavy example of rash trust and confidence.

(*) When thou shalt be more strong.


 37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why can I not follow thee now? (*) I will lay down my life for thy sake.


(*) Matthew 26:33; Mark 14:29; Luke 22:33 .


 38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou have denied me thrice.




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