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John 18


 1 When (1) Jesus had spoken these things, he went forth with his disciples over the (♣) brook (*) Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.


(1) Christ goeth of his own accord into a garden, which his betrayer knew, to be taken; that by his obedience he might take away the sin that entered into the world by one man's rebellion, and that in a garden.

(♣) Which was a deep valley through which a stream ran after a great rain.

(*) 1 Kings 15:13; Matthew 26:36; Mark 14:32; Luke 22:39 .



 2 And Judas which betrayed him knew also the place, for Jesus oft times resorted thither with his disciples.


 3  (*) (2) Judas then, after he had received a (♣) band of men and officers of the high Priests, and of the Pharisees, came thither with lanterns and torches, and weapons.


(*) Matthew 26:47; Mark 14:43; Luke 22:47 .

(2) Christ, who was innocent, was reckon as a wicked person, that we which are wicked might be let go as innocent.

(♣) The which he had obtained of the governor of the Temple.


 4  (3) Then Jesus, knowing all things that should come unto him, went forth and said unto them, Whom seek ye?


(3) Christ's person (but not his virtue) was bound of the adversaries, when and how he would.


 5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus said unto them, I am he. Now Judas also which betrayed him, stood with them.


 6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went away backwards, and fell to the ground.


 7 Then he asked them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.


 8  (4) Jesus answered, I said unto you, that I am he; therefore if ye seek me, let these go their way.


(4) Christ doth not neglect the office of a good pastor, no not in his greatest danger.


 9 This was that the word might be fulfilled which he spake, (*) (♣) Of them which thou gavest me, have I lost none.


(*) John 17:18 .

(♣) He both spareth their bodies and also saveth their souls.


 10  (5) Then Simon Peter having a sword, drew it, and smote the high Priestís servant, and cut off his right ear. Now the servants name was Malchus.


(5) We ought to contain the zeal we bear to God, within the bounds of our vocation.


 11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath; shall I not drink of the cup which my Father hath given me?


 12 Then the band and the captain, and the officers of the Jews took Jesus and bound him.


 13  (6) And led him away to (*) (♣) Annas first (for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high Priest (♠) that same year.)


(6) Christ is brought before an earthly high Priest to be condemned for our blasphemies, that we might be quitted of the everlasting high Priest himself.

(*) Luke 3:2 .

(♣) Who sent Christ unto Caiaphas the high Priest bound.

(♠) Although this office was for term of life by Godís ordinance, yet the ambition and dissention of the Jews caused the Romans from time to time to change it either for bribery of favor.


 14  (*) And Caiaphas was he, that gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.


(*) John 11:50 .


 15  ∂ (7) (*) Now Simon Peter followed Jesus, and another disciple, and that disciple was known of the high Priest, therefore he went in with Jesus into the hall of the high Priest,


(7) A lively example of the fragility of man even in the best, when they be once left to themselves.

(*) Matthew 26:58; Mark 14:54; Luke 22:54 .


 16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out the other disciple which was known unto the high Priest, and spake to her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.


 17 Then said the maid that kept the door, unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this manís disciples? He said, I am not.


 18 And the servants and officers stood there, which had made a fire of coals, for it was cold, and they warmed themselves. And Peter also stood among them, and warmed himself.


 19  ∂ (8) (The high Priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.


(8) Christ defendeth his cause but slenderly, not that he would withdraw himself from death, but to shew that he was condemned as an innocent.


 20 Jesus answered him, I spake (*) openly to the world; I ever taught in the Synagogue and in the Temple, whither the Jews resort continually, and in secret have I said nothing.


(*) That is, frankly and plainly.


 21 Why askest thou me? Ask them which heard me what I said unto them; behold, they know what I said.


 22 When he had spoken these things, one of the officers which stood by, smote Jesus with his rod, saying, Answerest thou the high Priest so?


 23 Jesus answered him, If I have evil spoken, bear witness of the evil; but if I have well spoken, why smitest thou me?


 24  ∂ (*) Now Annas had (♣) sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high Priest.)


(*) Matthew 26:57; Luke 22:54 .

(♣) After that Caiaphas had first sent him to him.


 25  (*) (9) And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself, and they said unto him, Art not thou also of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.


(*) Matthew 26:69; Mark 14:59; Luke 22:55 .

(9) After that men have once fallen, they cannot only not lift up themselves by their own strength, but also they fall more and more into worse, until they be raised up again, by a new virtue of God.


 26 One of the servants of the high Priest, his cousin whose ear Peter smote off, said, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?


 27 Peter then denied again, and immediately the cock crew.


 28  (*) (10) Then led they Jesus from (a) Caiaphas into the common hall. Now it was morning, and they themselves went not into the common hall, lest they should be (♣) defiled, but that they might eat the Passover.


(*) Matthew 27:2; Mark 15:1; Luke 23:1 .

(10) The Son of God is brought before the judgment seat of an earthly and profane man, in whom there is found much less wickedness, than in the princes of the people of God; A lively image of the wrath of God against sin, and therewithal of his great mercy, and least of all, of his most severe judgment against the stubborn contemners of his grace when it is offered unto them.
(a) From Caiaphas' house.

() Acts 10:28; Acts 11:3 .


 29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?


 30 They answered, and said unto him, If he were not an evil doer, we would not have delivered him unto thee.


 31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take (*) ye him, and judge him after your own Law. Then the Jews said unto him, (b) It is not (♣) lawful for us to put any man to death.


(*) He spake this disdainfully, because they were so bent against all right and equity.

(b) For judgments of life and death were taken from them forty years before the destruction of the temple.

(♣) As if they should say, Thou wilt not suffer us to do it; for he knew that it was not permitted to them by the Romans to punish with death.


 32 It was that the word of Jesus (*) might be fulfilled which he spake, (c) signifying what death he should die.


(*) Matthew 20:19 .

(c) For Christ had foretold that he should be crucified.


 33  (*) So Pilate entered into the common hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the king of the Jews?


(*) Matthew 27:11; Mark 15:2; Luke 23:3 .


 34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou that of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?


 35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation, and the high Priests have delivered thee unto me. What hast thou done?


 36  (11) Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this (*) world; if my kingdom were of this world, my servants would surely fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now is my kingdom not from hence.


(11) Christ avoucheth his spiritual kingdom, but rejecteth a worldly.

(*) It standeth not in strength of men nor in worldly defence.


 37 Pilate then said unto him, Art thou a King then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a King. For this cause am I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth, heareth my voice.


 38  (12) Pilate said unto him, (d) (*) What is truth? And when he had said that, he went out again unto the Jews, and said unto them, I find in him no cause at all.


(12) It was required that Christ should be pronounced innocent, but notwithstanding (in that which he took upon him our person) was to be condemned as a most wicked man.
(d) He speaketh this disdainfully and scoffingly, and not by way of asking a question.

(*) This was a mocking and disdainful question.


 39  (*) But you have a (♣) custom that I should deliver you one loose at the Passover; will ye then that I loose unto you the King of the Jews?


(*) Matthew 27:15; Mark 15:6; Luke 23:17 .

(♣) This was one of their blind abuses; for the Law of God gave no liberty to quit a wicked trespasser.


 40  (*) Then (e) cried they all again, saying, Not him, but Barabbas. Now this Barabbas was a murderer.


(*) Acts 3:14 .

(e) Word for word, made a great and foul voice.



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