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John 19


 1 Then (*) Pilate took Jesus, and (1) (♣) scourged him.


(*) Matthew 27:27; Mark 15:16 .

(1) The wisdom of the flesh, chooseth of two evils the least, but God curseth that same wisdom.

(♣) He thought to have pacified the fury of the Jews by some indifferent correction.


 2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple garment,


 3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews. And they smote him with their rods.


 4  (2) Then Pilate went forth again, and said unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know, that I find no fault in him at all.


(2) Christ is again quitted by the same mouth wherewith he is afterward condemned.


 5 Then came Jesus forth wearing a crown of thorns, and a purple garment. And Pilate said unto them, (*) Behold the man.


(*) He spake in mockery, because Christ called himself King.


 6 Then when the high Priests and officers saw him, they cried, saying, (a) Crucify, crucify him. Pilate said unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him, for I find no fault in him.


(a) They will have him crucified, whom by an old custom of theirs, they should have stoned and hanged up as convicted of blasphemy; but they desire to have him crucified after the manner of the Romans.


 7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the (*) Son of God.


(*) Christ was indeed the Son of God, and therefore might justly call himself so without breach of the Law; wherefore their colored accusation was falsely applied.


 8  ∂ (3) When Pilate then heard that word, he was the more afraid,


(3) Pilate's conscience fighteth for Christ, but straightway it yieldeth, because it is not upholden with the singular virtue of God.       


 9 And went again into the common hall, and said unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him none answer.


 10 Then said Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? Knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to loose thee?


 11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no (*) power at all against me, except it were given thee from above; therefore he that delivered me unto thee, hath the greater sin.


(*) Hereby he sheweth him, that he ought not to abuse his office and authority.


 12 From thenceforth Pilate sought to loose him, but the Jews cried, saying, If thou deliver him, thou art not Caesarís friend; for whosoever maketh himself a King, speaketh against Caesar.


 13  ∂ (4) When Pilate heard this word, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place called the (*) Pavement, and in Hebrew, (b) Gabbatha.


(4) Pilate condemneth himself first, with the same mouth wherewith he afterward condemneth Christ.

(*) A place somewhat high and raised up.
(b) Gabbatha signifieth a high place, as judgment seats are.


 14 And it was the Preparation of the Passover, and about the (*) sixth hour, and he said unto the Jews, Behold your King.


(*) Which was midday.


 15 But they cried, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate said unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The high Priests answered, We have no King but Caesar.


 16  (5) Then delivered he him unto them, to be crucified. (*) And they took Jesus, and led him away.


(5) Christ fasteneth Satan, sin and death to the cross.

(*) Matthew 27:31; Mark 15:21; Luke 23:26 .


 17 And he bare his own cross, and came into a place named of dead menís Skulls, which is called in Hebrew, (*) Golgotha;


(*) Which was the place of execution.


 18 Where they crucified him, and two others with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.


 19  ∂ (6) And Pilate wrote also a title, and put it on the cross, and it was written, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.


(6) Christ sitting upon the throne of the cross, is openly written everlasting king of all people, with his own hand, whose mouth condemned him for usurping a kingdom.


 20 This title then read many of the Jews, for the place where Jesus was crucified, was near to the city; and it was written in (*) Hebrew, Greek and Latin.


(*) Because all nations might understand.


 21 Then said the high Priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews, but that he said, I am King of the Jews.


 22 Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.


 23  ∂ (7) Then the (*) soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments (and made four parts, to every soldier a part) and his coat; and the coat was without seam woven from the top throughout.


(7) Christ signifieth by the division of his garments amongst the bloody butchers (his coat except, that had no seam) that it shall come to pass, that he will shortly divide his benefits, and enrich his very enemies throughout the world; but so notwithstanding that the treasure of his Church shall remain whole.

(*) Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34 .


 24  ∂ Therefore they said one to another, Let us not divide it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be. This was that the (♣) Scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, (*) They parted my garments among them, and on my coat did cast lots. So the soldiers did these things indeed.


(♣) That which was prefigured in David, was accomplished in Jesus Christ.

(*) Psalm 22:18 .


 25  ∂ (8) Then stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his motherís sister, Mary the wife of (*) Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.


(8) Christ is a perfect example of all righteousness, not only in the keeping of the first, but also of the second table.

(*) Or, Clopas.


 26 And when Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he said unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son.


 27 Then said he to the disciple, Behold thy mother. And from that hour, the disciple took her home unto him.


 28  ∂ (9) After, when Jesus knew that all things were performed, that the (*) Scripture might be fulfilled, he said, I thirst.


(9) Christ, when he hath taken the vinegar, yieldeth up the Ghost, drinking up indeed that most bitter and sharp cup of his Father's wrath in our name.

(*) Psalm 69:21 .


 29 And there was set a (c) vessel full of vinegar, and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and (*) put it about (♣) a hyssop stalk, and put it to his mouth.


(c) Galatinus witnesseth out of the book called Sanhedrin, that the Jews were wont to give them that were executed, vinegar mixed with frankincense to drink, to make their brains somewhat troubled; so charitably the Jews provided for the poor men's consciences which were executed.

(*) Or fastened it upon a hyssop stalk.

(♣) It may appear that the cross was not high, seeing a man might reach Christís mouth with a hyssop stalk, which as appeareth in 1 Kings 4:33, was the lowest amongst herbs, as which cedar was highest amongst the trees.


 30 Now when Jesus had received of the vinegar, he said, (*) It is finished. And bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.


(*) Manís salvation is perfected by the only sacrifice of Christ; and all the ceremonies of the Law are ended.


 31  (10) The Jews then (because it was the Preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day, for that Sabbath was a (*) high day) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken down.


(10) The body of Christ which was dead for a season (because it so pleased him) is wounded, but the least bone of it is not broken; and such is the state of his mystical body.

(*) Because the day of the Passover fell on the Sabbath day.


 32 Then came the soldiers and brake the legs of the first, and of the other, which was crucified with Jesus.


 33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs.


 34  (11) But one of the soldiers with a spear (d) (*) pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.


(11) Christ being dead upon the cross, witnesseth by a double sign, that he only is the true satisfaction, and the true washing for the believers.
(d) This wound was a most manifest witness of the death of Christ; for the water that issued out of this wound, gave us plainly to understand, that the weapon pierced the very skin that compasseth the heart, which is the vessel that containeth the water; and that being once wounded, that creature which is so pierced and stricken, cannot choose but die.

(*) Which declareth that he was dead indeed as he rose again from death to life.


 35 And he that saw it, bare record, and his record is true; and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe it.


 36 For these things were done, that the Scripture should be fulfilled, (*) Not a bone of him shall be broken.


(*) Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12 .


 37 And again another Scripture saith, (*) They shall see him whom they have thrust through.


(*) Zechariah 12:10 .


 38  (*) (12) And after these things, Joseph of Arimathea (who was a disciple of Jesus, but (♣) secretly for fear of the Jews) besought Pilate that he might take down the body of Jesus. And Pilate gave him license. He came then and took Jesusí body.


(*) Matthew 27:57; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:50 .

(12) Christ is openly buried, and in a famous place, Pilate writing and suffering it, and that by men which did favor Christ, in such wise, that yet before that day, they never openly followed him; so that by his burial, no man can justly doubt either of his death, or resurrection.

(♣) That is to say, before Christís death, but now he declareth himself manifestly.


 39 And there came (*) also Nicodemus (which first came to Jesus by night) and brought of myrrh and aloes mingled together about a hundred pounds.


(*) John 3:2 .


 40  (*) Then took they the body of Jesus, and wrapped it in linen clothes with the odors, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.


(*) This honorable burial was a preparation and entry unto the resurrection.


 41 And in that place where Jesus was crucified, was a garden, and in the garden a new sepulcher, wherein was (e) never man yet laid.


(e) That no man might cavil at his resurrection, as though some other that had been buried there, had risen; Theophylact.


 42 There then laid they Jesus, because of the Jewsí Preparation day, for the sepulcher was near.



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