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John 20


 1 Now (*) (1) the first day of the week came Mary Magdalene, early when it was yet (♣) dark, unto the sepulcher, and saw the stone taken away from the tomb.


(*) Mark 16:1; Luke 24:1 .

(1) Mary Magdalene, Peter and John are the first witnesses of the resurrection; and such as cannot justly be suspected, for that they themselves could scarcely be persuaded of it, so far is it off, that they should invent it of set purpose.  

(♣) She departed from home before day, and came thither about the sun rising, Mark 16:2 .


 2 Then she ran, and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulcher, and we know not where they have laid him.


 3 Peter therefore went forth, and the other disciple, and they came unto the sepulcher.


 4 So they ran both together, but the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulcher.


 5 And he stooped down, and saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.


 6 Then came Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulcher, and saw the linen clothes lie,


 7 And the (*) kerchief that was upon his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.


(*) Or, napkin.


 8 Then went in also the (*) other disciple, which came first to the sepulcher, and he saw it, (♣) and believed.


(*) That is, John which wrote this Gospel.

(♣) He believed that Christís body was taken away, according as Mary reported.


 9 For as yet they knew not the Scripture, That he must rise again from the dead.


 10 And the disciples went away again unto their (*) own home.


(*) Or, to their company.


 11  ∂ (*) But Mary stood (a) without at the sepulcher weeping; and as she wept, she bowed herself into the sepulcher,


(*) Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:5 .

(a) That is, without the cave, which the sepulcher was cut out of.


 12  (2) And saw two Angels in (b) white, sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.


(2) Two Angels are made witnesses of the Lord's resurrection.
(b) In white clothing.


 13 And they said unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She said unto them, They have taken away (c) my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.


(c) Mary spoke as the common people used to speak; for they spoke of a dead carcass, as they do of a whole man.


 14  (3) When she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.


(3) Jesus witnesseth by his presence, that he is truly risen.


 15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? Whom seekest thou? She supposing that he had been the gardener, said unto him, Sir, if thou hast borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.


 16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and said unto him, Rabboni, which is to say, Master.


 17  (4) Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not, for I am not yet (*) ascended to my Father; but go to my (d) (♣) brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto (e) my Father, and to your Father, and to my God, and your (♠) God.


(4) Christ which is risen, is not to be sought in this world according to the flesh, but in heaven by faith, whither he is gone before us.

(*) Because she was to much addicted to the corporal presence, Christ teacheth her to lift up her mind by faith into heaven where only after his ascension he remaineth, and where we sit with him at the right hand of the Father.
(d) By his brethren he meaneth his disciples; for in the next verse following, it is said, that Mary told his disciples.

(♣) That is, the disciples; for he was the first born amongst many brethren, Psalm 22:23; Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:18 .
(e) He calleth God his Father because he is his Father naturally in the Godhead, and he saith your Father, because he is our Father by grace, through the adoption of the sons of God; that is, by taking us of his free grace to be his sons, Epiphanius.

(♠) He is our Father and our God, because Jesus Christ is our brother.


 18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her.


 19  ∂ (*) (5) The same day then at night, which was the first day of the week, and when the (f) (♣) doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and said to them, (♠) Peace be unto you.


(*) Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36; 1 Corinthians 15:5 .

(5) Christ in that he presented himself before his disciples suddenly through his divine power, when the gates were shut, doeth fully assure them both of his resurrection, and also of their Apostleship, inspiring them with the holy Ghost, who is the director of the ministry of the Gospel.
(f) Either the doors opened to him of their own accord, or the very walls themselves were a passage for him.

(♣) So that no man opened him the doors, but by his divine power he caused them to open of their own accord, as of Peter is read, Acts 5:19; Acts 17:10 .

(♠) Or all prosperity; which manner of greeting the Jews used.


 20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands, and his side. Then were the disciples glad when they had seen the Lord.


 21  (*) Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you; as my Father sent me, so send I you.


(*) Matthew 28:18 .


 22 And when he had said that, he (*) breathed on them, and said unto them, Receive the holy Ghost.


(*) To give them greater power and virtue to execute that weighty charge that he would commit unto them.


 23  (6)  Whosoeverís sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosoeverís sins ye retain, they are retained.


(6) The publishing of the forgiveness of sins by faith in Christ, and the setting forth and denouncing the wrath of God in retaining the sins of the unbelievers, is the sum of the preaching of the Gospel.    


 24  ∂ (7) But Thomas one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.


(7) Christ draweth out of the unbelief of Thomas, a certain and sure testimony of his resurrection.  


 25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the (*) print of the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe it.


(*) Or, place.


 26  ∂ And eight days after, again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them. Then came Jesus, when the doors were shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.


 27 After said he to Thomas, Put thy finger here, and see my hands, and put forth thy hand, and put it into my side, and be not faithless, but faithful.


 28 Then Thomas answered and said unto him, Thou art my Lord, and my God.


 29  (8) Jesus said unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou believest; blessed are they that have (*) not seen, and have believed.


(8) True faith dependeth upon the mouth of God, and not upon fleshly eyes.

(*) Which depend upon the simplicity of Godís word, and ground not themselves upon manís sense and reason.


 30  (*) (9) And many other signs also did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book.


(*) John 21:25 .

(9) To believe in Christ, the Son of God, and our only Saviour, is the end of the doctrine of the Gospel, and especially of the history of the resurrection.


 31 But these things are written that ye might believe, that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God, and that in believing ye might have life through his Name.




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