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John 5


 1 After (*) that, there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.


(*) Leviticus 23:2; Deuteronomy 16:1 .


 2  (1) And there is at Jerusalem by (*) the place of the sheep, a (a) (♣) pool called in Hebrew (b) (♠) Bethesda, having five porches;


(1) There is no disease so old, which Christ cannot heal.

(*) Or, the sheep market.
(a) Whereof cattle drank, and used to be plunged in, whereof there could not be but great store at Jerusalem.

(♣) Where the sheep were washed, that should be sacrificed.
(b) That is to say, the house of pouring out, because great store of water was poured out into that place.

(♠) Which signifieth the house of pouring out, because the water ran out by conduits.


 3 In the which lay a great multitude of sick folk, of blind, halt, and withered, waiting for the moving of the water.


 4 For an Angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water; whosoever then first, after the stirring of the water, stepped in, was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.


 5 And a certain man was there, which had been diseased eight and thirty years.


 6 When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he now long time had been diseased, he said unto him, Wilt thou be made whole?


 7 The sick man answered him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool, but while I am coming, another steppeth down before me.


 8 Jesus said unto him, Rise, (*) take up thy bed, and walk.


(*) This was, to the end that the miracle might be so evident, that no man could speak against it.


 9 And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked; and the same day was the Sabbath.


 10  (2) The Jews therefore said to him that was made whole, It is the Sabbath day, (*) it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed.


(2) True religion is not more cruelly assaulted by any means, than by the pretence of religion itself.

(*) Jeremiah 17:22 .


 11 He answered them, He that made me whole he said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk.


 12 Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk?


 13 And he that was healed, knew not who it was, for Jesus had conveyed himself away from the multitude that was in that place.


 14 And after that, Jesus found him in the Temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole; (*) sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.


(*) The affliction that we endure, are chastisements for our sins.


 15  ∂ The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus that had made him whole.


 16 And therefore the Jews did persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the Sabbath day.


 17  (3) But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.


(3) The work of God was never the breach of the Sabbath, but the works of Christ are the works of the Father, both because they are one God, and also because the Father doeth not work but in the Son.


 18  (*) Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, not only because he had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was (c) (♣) his (♠) Father, and made himself equal with God.


(*) John 7:19 .

(c) That is, his only and no manís else, which they gather by that, that he saith, (And I work) applying this word (work) to himself, which is proper to God, and therefore maketh himself equal to God.

(♣) That is, proper and peculiar to him alone.

(♠) It was lawful for all Israel to call God their Father, Exodus 4:22; but because Christ did attribute to himself, that he had power over all things, and wrought as his Father did, they gathered that Christ did not only make himself the Son of God, but also equal with him.


 19 Then answered Jesus, and said unto them, Verily, verily I say unto you, The Son can do nothing (d) of himself, save that he (e) seeth the Father do; for whatsoever things he doeth, the same things doeth the Son (f) in like manner.


(d) Not only without his Father's authority, but also without his mighty working and power.
(e) This must be understood of Christ his person, which consisteth of two natures, and not simply of his Godhead; so then he saith that his Father moveth and governeth him in all things, but yet notwithstanding, when he saith he worketh with his Father, he voucheth his Godhead.
(f) In like sort, jointly and together. Not for that the Father doeth some things, and then the son worketh after him, and doth the like, but because the might and power of the Father and the Son do work equally and jointly together.


 20 For the Father loveth the Son, and (*) sheweth him all things, whatsoever he himself doeth, and he will shew him greater works than these, that ye should marvel.


(*) That is, he doeth communicate with him, having the same power and same will.


 21  (4) For likewise as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them, so the Son quickeneth whom he will.


(4) The Father maketh no man partaker of everlasting life, but in Christ, in whom only also he is truly worshipped.


 22 For the Father (g) judgeth (h) no man, but hath committed all (*) judgment unto the Son,


(g) This word (judgeth) is taken by the figure Synecdoche, for all government.
(h) These words are not so to be taken, as though they simply denied that God governeth the world, but as the Jews imagined it, which separate the Father from the Son, whereas indeed, the Father doth not govern the world but only in the person of his Son, being made manifest in the flesh; so saith he afterward John 5:30; that he came not to do his own will, that his doctrine is not his own, John 7:16; that the blind man and his parents sinned not, ect. John 9:3 .

(*) In giving him power and rule over all.


 23 Because that all men should honor the Son, as they honor the Father. He that honoreth not the Son, the same honoreth not the Father which hath sent him.


 24  (5) Verily, verily I say unto you, he that heareth my word, and believeth in him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation, but hath passed from death unto life.


(5) The Father is not worshipped but by his Son's word apprehended by faith, which is the only way that leadeth to eternal life.


 25  (6) Verily, verily I say unto you, the hour shall come, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that (*) hear it shall live.


(6) We are all dead in sin and cannot be quickened by any other means, than by the word of Christ apprehended by faith.

(*) They that receive it by faith.


 26 For as the Father hath life in (*) himself, so likewise hath he given to the Son to have life in himself.


(*) To communicate it with us.


 27 And hath given him (i) power also to execute (*) judgment, in that he is the (k) Son of man.


(i) That is, high and sovereign power to rule and govern all things, insomuch that he hath power of life and death.

(*) That is, to govern and rule all things.
(k) That is, he shall not only judge the world as he is God, but also as he is man, he received this of his Father to be judge of the world.


 28  (7) Marvel not at this; for the hour shall come, in the which all that are in the graves, shall hear his voice.


(7) All shall appear before the judgment seat of Christ at length to be judged.


 29  (8) And they shall come (l) forth, (*) that have done good, unto the (m) resurrection of life, but they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of condemnation.


(8) Faith and infidelity will be judged by their fruits.
(l) Of their graves.

(*) Matthew 25:41 .
(m) To that resurrection which had life everlasting following it; against which is set the resurrection of condemnation; that is, which condemnation followeth.


 30  (9) I can (n) do nothing of my own self; (o) as I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father who hath sent me.


(9) The Father is the author and approver of all things which Christ doth.
(n) Look verse John 5:22 .
(o) As my father directeth me, who dwelleth in me.


 31 If I (*) should bear witness of myself, my witness were not (p) (♣) true.


(*) John 8:14 .

(p) Faithful, that is, worthy to be credited, Look in John 8:14 .

(♣) Christ had respect to their weakness that heard him, and therefore said his own witness should not be sufficient.


 32  (*) There is another that beareth witness of me, and I know that the witness, which he beareth of me, is true.


(*) Matthew 3:17 .


 33  (*) (10) Ye sent unto John, and he bare witness unto the truth.


(*) John 1:27 .

(10) Christ is declared to be the only Saviour by John's voice, and infinite miracles, and by the testimonies of all the Prophets. But the world notwithstanding being addicted to false prophets, and desirous to seem religious, seeth none of all these things.


 34 But I receive not the record of man, nevertheless these things I say, that ye might be saved.


 35 He was a burning and a shining (*) candle, and ye would for (q) a (♣) season have rejoiced in his light.


(*) Or, lamp.

(q) A little while.

(♣) But ye left him quickly and did not persevere.


 36 But I have greater witness than the witness of John; for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father sent me.


 37 And the (*) Father himself, which hath sent me, (♠) beareth witness of me. Ye have not heard his voice at any time, (♣) neither have ye seen his shape.


(*) Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5 .

(♠) In the Law and Prophets.

(♣) Deuteronomy 4:12 .


 38 And his word have ye not abiding in you, for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not.


 39  (*) Search the Scriptures, for in them ye think to have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me.


(*) Acts 17:11 .


 40 But ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.


 41 I receive not the praise of men.


 42 But I know you, that ye have not the (r) love of God in you.


(r) Love toward God.   


 43 I am come in my Fatherís Name, and ye receive me not; if (*) another shall come in his own name, him will ye receive.


(*) The people are more ready to receive false prophets than Jesus Christ.


 44 How can ye believe, which (♣) receive (*) honor one of another, and seek not the honor that cometh of God alone?


(♣) Vain glory is a great let for a man to come to God.

(*) John 12:43 .


 45  (s) Do not think that I will accuse you to my Father; there is one that (*) accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust.


(s) This denial doth not put away that which is here said, but correcteth it, as if Christ said, the Jews shall have no sorer an accuser than Moses.

(*) As Moses shall accuse them that trust in him; so they shall have no greater enemies at the day of judgment, than the virgin Mary and the Saints upon whom now they call; but whosoever doeth accuse, Christ and their own conscience shall condemn the reprobate.


 46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me, (*) for he wrote of me.


(*) Genesis 3:15; Genesis 22:18; Genesis 49:10; Deuteronomy 18:15 .


 47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?




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