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Luke 11


 1 And so it was, that as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.


 2  (*) And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, (1) Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom come; Let thy will be done, even in earth, as it is in heaven;


(*) Matthew 6:9 .

(1) A form of true prayer.


 3 Our daily bread give us (a) (*) for the day;


(a) That is, as much as is needed for us this day, whereby we are not debarred to have an honest care for the maintenance of our lives, but that carping care, which killeth a number of men, is cut off and restrained.

(*) Or every day, or as much as is sufficient for this day.


 4 And (*) forgive us our sins, for even we forgive every man that is indebted to us; And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.


(*) Or, pardon.


 5  ∂ (2) Moreover he said unto them, (*) Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go to him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves?


(2) We must pray with faith.

(*) By this similitude he teacheth us that we ought not to be discouraged, if we obtain not incontinently that which we demand.


 6 For a friend of mine is come (*) out of the way to me, and I have nothing to set before him;


(*) Or, in passing by the way.


 7 And he within should answer, and say, Trouble me not; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give them to thee.


 8 I say unto you, Though he would not arise and give him, because he is his friend, yet doubtless because of his (b) (*) importunity, he would rise and give him as many as he needed.


(b) Word for word, impudency; but that impudency which is spoken of here, is not to be found fault withal, but is very commendable before God, for he liketh well of such importunity.

(*) Or, impudency.


 9  (*) And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.


(*) Matthew 7:7; Matthew 21:22; Mark 11:24; John 14:13; John 16:23; James 1:5 .


 10  (*) For everyone that asketh, receiveth; and he that seeketh, findeth; and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened.


(*) Matthew 7:8 .


 11  (*) If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? Or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent?


(*) Matthew 7:9 .


 12 Or if he ask an egg, will he give him a scorpion?


 13 If ye then which are evil, can give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give (*) the holy Ghost to them that desire him?


(*) The chiefest thing that we can desire of God, is his holy Spirit.


 14  ∂ (*) Then he cast out a devil which was dumb; and when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake, and the people wondered.


(*) Matthew 9:32; Matthew 12:22 .


 15  (3) But some of them said, (*) He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils.


(3) An example of horrible blindness, and such as cannot be healed, when as upon an evil conscience, and pretended malice, the power of God is blasphemed.

(*) Matthew 9:34; Matthew 12:24; Mark 3:22 .


 16 And others tempted him, seeking of him a sign from heaven.


 17  (4) But he knew their thoughts, and said unto them, (*) Every kingdom divided against itself, shall be desolate, and a house divided against a house, falleth.


(4) The true way to know the true Christ, from the false, is this, that the true Christ hath no accord or agreement with Satan; And it remaineth that after we know him, we acknowledge him.

(*) Matthew 12:25; Mark 3:24 .


 18 So if Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand, because ye say that I cast out devils (c) through Beelzebub?


(c) By the name and power of Beelzebub.


 19 If I through Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your (*) children cast them out? Therefore shall they be your judges.


(*) That is to say, your conjurers.


 20 But if I by the (d) (*) finger of God cast out devils, doubtless the kingdom of God is come unto you.


(d) That is, by the power of God; so it is said, Exodus 8:19 .

(*) The finger of God is taken for the virtue and power of God. And the virtue of the Father and the Son is the holy Ghost; for so Matthew doeth interpret this place.


 21 When a strong man armed keepeth his (e) (*) palace, the things that he possesseth, are in (♣) peace.


(e) The word signifieth properly an open and void room before a house, and so by translation is taken for noble men's houses.

(*) The word signifieth, an entry or porch before a house.

(♣) Or, safety.


 22 But when a stronger than he cometh upon him, and overcometh him; he taketh from him all his armor wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.


 23  (5) He that is not (*) with me, is against me; and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth.


(5) Against indifferent men, and such as love to have a mean, which seek means to reconcile Christ and Satan together.

(*) They that do not wholly apply themselves to destroy the kingdom of Satan, cannot be counted to be on Christís side but are his adversaries; how much more is he against him that maketh open war with him as Satan doeth?


 24  (*) (6) When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking (♣) rest, and when he findeth none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.


(*) Matthew 12:43 .

(6) He that doeth not continue, is in worse case, than he that never begun.

(♣) To the intent that he might work according to his malicious nature.


 25 And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and (*) garnished.


(*) More apt to receive him than it was afore.


 26 Then (♣) goeth he, and taketh to him (♠) seven other spirits worse than himself, and they enter in, and dwell there; (*) so the last state of that man is worse than the first.


(♣) If by infidelity we turn back from God, Satan hath greater power over us than he had before.

(♠) He meaneth an infinite number.

(*) Hebrews 6:4; 2 Peter 2:20 .


 27  ∂ (7) And it came to pass as he said these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked.


(7) Christ seeketh not praise in himself, but in our salvation.


 28 But he said, (*) Yea, rather blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.


(*) Christ gave her a privy taunt for that she omitted the chief praise which was due unto him; that was, that they are blessed indeed to whom he communicateth himself by his word.


 29  ∂ (*) (8) And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is a wicked generation; they seek a sign, and there shall no sign be given them, but the sign of (♣) Jonah the Prophet.


(*) Matthew 12:38-39 .

(8) They that our fond desirers of miracles, instead of miracles shall receive punishment.

(♣) Jonah 1:12 .                    


 30 For as Jonah was a sign to the Ninivites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.


 31  (*) The Queen of the South shall rise in judgment, with the men of this generation, and shall condemn them, for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, a greater than Solomon is here.


(*) 1 Kings 10:1; 2 Chronicles 9:1 .


 32 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it, for they (*) repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, a greater than Jonah is here.


(*) Jonah 3:5 .


 33  ∂ (*) (9) No man when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a privy place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in, may see the light.


(*) Luke 8:16; Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21 .

(9) Our minds are therefore lightened with the knowledge of God, that we should give light unto others, and therefore our chiefest labor ought to be to pray for that light.


 34  (*) (♣) The light of the body is the (♠) eye; therefore when thine eye is (♦) single, then is thy whole body light; but if thine eye be evil, then thy body is dark.


(*) Matthew 6:22 .

(♣) Or, candle.

(♠) Because it should guide and lead the body.

(♦) Without spot or vice.


 35 Take heed therefore, that the light which is in thee, be not darkness.


 36 If therefore thy whole body shall be light, having no part dark, then shall all be light, even as when a candle doth light thee with the brightness.


 37  ∂ (10) And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him; and he went in, and sat down at table.


(10) The service of God consisteth not in outward cleanliness, and devised rites or ceremonies, but in the spiritual righteousness of the heart, and charity.


 38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.


 39  (*) And the Lord said to him, Indeed ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup, and of the platter, but the inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.


(*) Matthew 23:25 .


 40 Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without, make that which is within also?


 41 Therefore, (*) give alms (f) of (♣) those things which you have, and behold, all things shall be clean unto you.


(*) Christ here requireth two things: first that we come truly by our meat and drink; and next that we distribute part to the poor, for charity is the perfection of the Law.

(f) That is, according to your abilities as who would say, instead of your extortions, which hindered you, that you could not eat cleanly, use charity, and accordingly as your ability shall serve you, be good to the poor, and so shall that, that is within the platter, be sanctified though the platter be unwashed.

(♣) Or, of that which you have.


 42  (11) But woe be to you, Pharisees! For ye (g) tithe the mint and the rue, and (h) all manner herbs, and pass over (i) (*) judgment and the love of God; these ought ye to have done, and (♣) not to have left the other undone.


(11) It is the property of hypocrites, to stand stoutly for little trifles, and let pass greater matters.
(g) You decide by God's Law that the tenth part is due to be paid.
(h) Of all kind of herbs some, as Augustine expoundeth it in his Enchiridion to Laurence, chapter 99, where he sheweth in like sort how that place of Paul, 1 Timothy 2:4; God will have all men to be saved, is to be expounded after the same manner.
(i) That is to say, that which is right and reason to do; for this word, Judgment, containeth the commandments of the second table, and the other words, The love of God, contain the first, Luke 20:26 .

(*) Or, that which is just and right.

(♣) He would not break the very least commandment before all things were accomplished, but taught them to stick to the chiefest and not prefer the inferior ceremonies which must quickly be abolished.


 43  (*) (12) Woe be to you, Pharisees! For ye love the uppermost seats in the Synagogues, and greetings in the markets.


(*) Matthew 23:6; Mark 12:38-39 .

(12) Hypocrisy and ambition are commonly joined together.


 44  (13) Woe be to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! (*) For ye are as graves which (♣) appear not, and the men that walk over them, perceive not.


(13) Hypocrites deceive men with an outward shew.

(*) Matthew 23:27 .

(♣) Whose stink and infection appear not suddenly.


 45  ∂ (14) Then answered one of the Lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou puttest us to rebuke also.


(14) Hypocrites are very severe against other men, but think all things lawful to themselves.


 46 And he said, Woe be to you also, ye Lawyers! (*) For ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers.


(*) Matthew 23:4; Acts 15:10 .


 47  (15) Woe be to you! (*) For ye (♣) build the sepulchers of the Prophets, and your fathers killed them.


(15) Hypocrites honor those saints when they are dead, whom they most cruelly persecute, when they were alive.  

(*) Matthew 23:29 .

(♣) Whereby you keep in remembrance the execrable deeds of your fathers.


 48  (*) Truly (k) ye bear witness, and allow the deeds of your fathers; for they killed them, and ye (♣) build their sepulchers.


(*) You shew yourselves as great hypocrites as were your fathers, making men believe the honor God when you dishonor him.

(k) When you persecute God's servants, like mad men, even as your fathers did, though you color it with a pretence of godliness, yet notwithstanding, in that you beautify the sepulchers of the Prophets, what do else, but glory in your father's cruelty, and set up monuments (as it were) in glory and triumph of it?

(♣) They were more curious to build their graves than to follow their doctrine.


 49 Therefore said the wisdom of God, I will send them Prophets and Apostles, and of them they shall slay, and (l) (*) persecute,


(l) They shall so vex them and trouble them, that at length they shall banish them.  

(*) Or, cruelly expel them.


 50 That the blood of all the Prophets, (m) shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation,


(m) That you may be called to an account for it, yea, and be punished, for the shedding of that blood of the Prophet.


 51 From the blood of (*) Abel unto the blood of (♣) Zechariah, which was slain between the altar and the Temple; verily I say unto you, it shall be required of (♠) this generation.


(*) Genesis 4:8 .

(♣) 2 Chronicles 24:21 .

(♠) Because they were culpable of the same fault that their ancestors were.


 52  (16) Woe be to you, Lawyers! For ye have (n) (*) taken away the key of knowledge; ye entered not in yourselves, and them that came in, ye forbade.


(16) They have of long time chiefly hindered the people, from entering into the knowledge of God, which ought to be the door keepers of the Church.
(n) You have hidden and taken away, so that it cannot be found anywhere.

(*) They hid and took away the pure doctrine and true understanding of the Scriptures.


 53  (17) And as he said these things unto them, the Scribes and Pharisees began to urge him sore, and to (o) provoke him to speak of many things,


(17) The more the world is reprehended, the worse it is, and yet we must not betray the truth.
(o) They proposed many questions to him, to draw something out of his mouth, which they might traitorously carp at.


 54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something of his mouth, whereby they might accuse him.



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