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Luke 12


 1 In (*) (1) the meantime, there gathered together (a) an innumerable multitude of people, so that they trode one another, and he began to say unto his disciples first, Take heed to yourselves of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.


(*) Matthew 16:5; Mark 8:14 .

(1) The faithful teachers of God's word, which are appointed by him for his people, must both take good heed of them, which corrupt the purity of doctrine with goodly glozes, and also take paints through the help of God, to set forth sincere doctrine, openly and without fear.
(a) Word for word, ten thousands of people, a certain number for an uncertain.


 2  (*) For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.


(*) Matthew 10:26; Mark 4:22 .


 3 Wherefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness, it shall be heard in the light, and that which ye have spoken in the ear, in secret places, shall be preached on the (*) houses.


(*) Openly that all men may hear.


 4  (*) (2) And I say unto you, my friends, be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that are not able to do anymore.


(*) Matthew 10:28 .

(2) Although hypocrites have princes to execute their cruelty, yet there is no cause why we could be afraid of them, the least jot that may be, feeling they can do nothing, but what pleaseth God, and God will not anything that may be against the salvation of his elect.   


 5 But I will (b) forewarn you, who ye shall fear; fear him which after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, him fear.


(b) He warneth them of danger that presently hang over their heads, for those that come upon the sudden, do make the greater wound.


 6 Are not five sparrows bought for two farthings, and yet not one of them is forgotten before God?


 7  (*) Yea, and all the hairs of your head are numbered; fear not therefore, ye are more of value than many sparrows.


(*) 1 Samuel 14:45; Acts 27:34 .


 8  (*) (3) Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man confess also before the Angels of God.


(*) Luke 9:26; Matthew 10:32; Mark 8:38; 2 Timothy 1:12 .

(3) Great is the reward of a constant confession, and horrible is the punishment of the denying of Christ, yea impossible to called back again shall the punishment be, if upon set purpose, both with mouth and heart we blaspheme a known truth.          


 9 But he that shall deny me before men, shall be denied before the Angels of God.


 10  (*) And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but unto him that (♣) shall blaspheme the holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven.


(*) Matthew 12:31; Mark 3:28 .

(♣) He that shall resist against the word of God purposely, and against his conscience.


 11  (*) (4) And when they shall bring you unto the Synagogues, and unto the rulers and princes, take no (♣) thought how, or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall speak.


(*) Matthew 10:19; Mark 13:11 .

(4) It is a great and hard conflict to confess the truth, yet he that can do all things, and is almighty, will not be wanting to the weakest which strive and contend in his appointed time.

(♣) Be not so doubtful that you should be discouraged or distrust.


 12 For the holy Ghost shall teach you in the same (*) hour, what ye ought to say.


(*) Or, moment.


 13  (5) And one of the company said unto him, Master, bid my brother divide the inheritance with me.


(5) Christ would not for three causes be a judge to divide an inheritance. First, for that he would not foster up and cherish the fleshly opinion that the Jews had of Messiah; Secondly for that he would distinguish the civil governance, from the Ecclesiastical; Thirdly, to teach us to beware of them which abuse the shew of the Gospel, and also the name of ministers, to their own private commodities.


 14 And he said unto him, Man, who made me a (*) judge, or a divider over you?


(*) Christ chiefly came to be judged and not to judge, not withstanding he willeth the Christians to be judges and decide controversies between their brethren, 1 Corinthians 6:1 .


 15 Wherefore he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of (c) covetousness; (*) for though a man have abundance, yet his (d) life standeth not in his riches.


(c) By covetousness is meant, that greedy desire to get, commonly with other menís hurt.

(*) Christ condemneth the arrogancy of the rich worldlings, who as though they had God locked up in their coffers, and barns, set their whole felicity in their goods, not considering that God gave them life and also can take it away when he will.
(d) God is the author and preserver of man's life, goods are not.


 16  (6) And he put forth a parable unto them, saying, The (e) (*) ground of a certain rich man brought forth fruits plenteously.


(6) There are none more mad, than rich men which hang upon their riches.
(e) Or rather country, for here is set forth a man that possesseth not a piece of ground only,  but a whole country, as they do, which join house to house, and field to field; Isaiah 5:8 . 

(*) Or, country.


 17 Therefore he (f) thought with himself, saying, What shall I do, because, I have no room where I may lay up my fruits?


(f)  Made his reckoning within himself, which is the property of covetous churls that spend their life in those trifles.


 18 And he said, This will I do, I will pull down my barns, and build greater, and therein will I gather all my fruits, and my goods.


 19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; live at ease, eat, drink and (g) take thy pastime.


(g) Be merry and make good cheer.


 20 But God said unto him, O fool, this night will they fetch away thy soul from thee; then whose shall those things be which thou hast provided?


 21 So is he that gathereth riches (h) to himself, and is not rich in (*) God.


(h) Caring for no man but for himself, and minding to trust in himself.

(*) To depend only on his providence knowing that he hath enough for all.


 22  (7) And he spake unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, (*) Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for your body, what ye shall put on.


(7) The earnest thinking upon the providence of God, is a present remedy against the most foolish and pining carefulness of men for this life.

(*) Matthew 6:25; 1 Peter 5:7; Psalm 55:22 .


 23 The life is more than meat, and the body more than the raiment.


 24  (*) Consider the ravens, for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn, and yet God feedeth them; how much more are ye better than fowls?


(*) He exhorteth us to cast our care on God, and to submit ourselves to his providence.


 25 And which of you with taking thought, can add to his stature one cubit?


 26 If ye then be not able to do the least thing, why take ye thought for the remnant?


 27  (*) Consider the lilies how they grow: they labor not, neither spin they; yet I say unto you, that Solomon himself in all his royalty was not clothed like one of these.


(*) The liberality of God which shineth in the herbs and flowers, surmounteth all that man can do by his riches or force.


 28 If then God so clothe the grass which is today in the field, and tomorrow is cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith?


 29 Therefore ask not what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither (i) (*) stand in doubt.


(i) A metaphor taken of things that hang in the air, for they that are careful for this worldly life, and hang upon the arm of man, have always wavering and doubtful minds, swaying sometimes this way, and sometimes that way.

(*) Or, make discourses in the air.


 30 For all such things the people of the world seek for; and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.


 31  (8) But rather seek ye after the kingdom of God, (*) and all these things shall be cast upon you.


(8) They shall lack nothing, which are careful for the kingdom of heaven.

(*) Which are but accessories, and are common as well to the wicked men as to the godly.


 32  (9) Fear not, little flock, for it is your Fatherís pleasure to give you the (*) kingdom.


(9) It is a foolish thing not to look for small things, at the hands, which giveth us freely gives the greatest things.

(*) Which is the chiefest thing that can be given, and therefore you cannot want those things which are of less importance.


 33  ∂ (*) (10) Sell that ye have, and give (k) alms; make you bags which wax not old, a treasure that can never fail in heaven, where no thief cometh neither moth corrupteth.


(*) Matthew 6:20 .

(10) A godly bountifulness is a ready way to get true riches.
(k) This is the figure Metonymy, for by this word, Alms, is meant that compassion and friendliness of a heart that tendereth the misery and poor estate of man, and sheweth forth itself by some gift, and hath the name given it in the Greek tongue, of mercy and compassion; and therefore he is said to give alms, who parteth with something to another, and giveth to the poor, shewing thereby, that he pitieth their poor estate.


 34 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.


 35  ∂ (*) (11) Let your loins be (♣) gird about, and your lights burning.


(*) 1 Peter 1:13 .

(11) The life of the faithful servants of God, in this world is certain watchful peregrination, having the light of the word going before it. 

(♣) Be in a readiness to execute the charge which is committed unto you.


 36 And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their master, when he will return from the wedding, that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately.


 37 Blessed are those servants, whom the Lord when he cometh shall find waking; verily I say unto you, he will (*) gird himself about, and make them to sit down at table, and will come forth, and serve them.


(*) Because they did use long garments, the manner was to gird or truss them up when they went about any business.


 38 And if he come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and shall find them so, blessed are those servants.


 39  (*) Now understand this, that if the good man of the house had known at what hour the thief would have come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be dug through.


(*) Matthew 24:43; Revelation 16:15; Revelation 3:3 .


 40  (12) Be ye also prepared therefore; for the Son of man will come at an hour when ye think not.


(12) None have more need to watch, than they that have some degree of honor in the household of God.


 41 Then Peter said unto him, Master, tellest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?


 42 And the Lord said, Who is a faithful steward and wise, whom the master shall make ruler over his household, to give them their (l) (*) portion of meat in season?


(l) That is, every month such measure of corn as was appointed them.

(*) The portion of servants every month was four pecks of corn, as Donatus writeth in Phormio.


 43 Blessed is that servant, whom his master when he cometh, shall find so doing.


 44 Of a truth, I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath.


 45 But if that servant say in his heart, My master doth defer his coming, and begin to smite the servants, and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken,


 46 The master of that servant will come in a day when he thinketh not, and at an hour when he is not aware of, and will cut him off, and give him his portion with the unbelievers.


 47  ∂ And that servant that knew his masterís will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.


 48 But he that knew it not, and yet did commit things (*) worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes; for unto whomsoever (♣) much is given, of him shall be much required, and to whom men much commit, (m) the more of him will they ask.


(*) Therefore ignorance is inexcusable.

(♣) To whom God hath given many graces.

(m) More than of him to whom so much was not given.


 49  ∂ (13) I am come to put (*) fire on the earth, and what is my desire, if it be (♣) already kindled?


(13) The Gospel is the only cause of peace between the goodly, and so it is the occasion of great trouble among the wicked.

(*) The Gospel is as a burning fire most vehement, which maketh a change of things through all the world.

(♣) If there be great troubles and alterations upon the earth, which things come not by the propriety of the Gospel, but through the wickedness of man.


 50 Notwithstanding I must be (*) baptized with a baptism, and how am I grieved till it be ended?


(*) He compareth his death to baptism.


 51  (*) Think ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, nay, but rather debate.


(*) Matthew 10:34 .


 52 For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.


 53 The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father, the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother, the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.


 54  ∂ (*) (14) Then said he to the people, When ye see a cloud (n) rise out of the West, straightway ye say, A shower cometh, and so it is.


(*) Matthew 16:2 .

(14) Men which are very quick of sight in earthly things, are blind in those things which pertain to the heavenly life, and that through their own malice.
(n) Which appeareth, and gathereth itself together in that part of the air.


 55 And when ye see the South wind blow, ye say, that it will be hot, and it cometh to pass.


 56 Hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the earth, and of the sky, but why discern ye not this time?


 57  (15) Yea, and why judge ye not of yourselves what is right?


(15) Men that are blinded with the love of themselves, and therefore are detestable and stubborn, shall bear the reward of their folly.


 58  ∂ (*) While thou goest with thine adversary to the ruler, as thou art in the way, give diligence in the way, that thou mayest be (♣) delivered from him, lest he draw thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the (o) jailer, and the jailer cast thee into prison.


(*) Matthew 5:25 .

(♣) Though it be to thy loss and hindrance.

(o) To him that has to demand and gather amercements, which they were condemned unto that had wrongly troubled men; moreover, the magistrate's officers make them which are condemned, pay that which they owe, yea, and often times if they be obstinate, they do not only take the cost and charges of them, but also imprison them.


 59 I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast paid the utmost mite.




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