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Luke 13


 1 There (1) were certain men present at the same season, that shewed him of the Galileans, whose blood (a) Pilate had (*) mingled with their sacrifices.


(1) We must not rejoice at the just punishment of others, but rather be instructed thereby to repentance.
(a) Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, almost ten years, and about the fourth year of his government, which might be about the fifteenth year of Tiberius' reign, Christ finished the work of our redemption by his death.

(*) He murdered them as they were sacrificing; and so their blood was mingled with the blood of the beasts which were sacrificed.


 2 And Jesus answered, and said unto them, Suppose ye, that these Galileans were (*) greater sinners than all the other Galileans, because they have suffered such things?


(*) For the Jews took occasion hereby to condemn them as most wicked men.


 3 I tell you, nay, but except (*) ye amend your lives, ye shall all likewise perish.


(*) He warneth them rather to consider their own estate, than to reprove other menís.


 4 Or think you that those eighteen, upon whom the tower in (b) (*) Siloam fell, and slew them, were (♣) sinners above all men that dwell in Jerusalem?


(b) To wit, in the place, or river; for Siloam was a small river, from whence the conduits of the city came, whereof John 9:7; Isaiah 8:6; and therefore it was a tower or castle, built upon the conduit side, which fell down suddenly, and killed some.

(*) Which tower stood by the river Siloe or fishpool in Jerusalem.

(♣) Or, debtors.


 5 I tell you, nay, but except ye amend your lives, ye shall all likewise perish.


 6  ∂ (2) He spake also this parable, A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none.


(2) Great and long suffering is the patience of God, but yet so that at length he executed the judgment.


 7 Then said he to the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, (*) this three years have I come and sought fruit of this fig tree, and find none, (♣) cut it down, why keepeth it (♠) also the ground (c) barren?


(*) By this similitude is declared the great patience that God useth toward sinners in looking for their amendment; but this delay availeth them nothing, when they still remain in their corruption.

(♣) We see our state, if we bring not forth fruit.

(♠) For both it is unfruitful itself, and doeth hurt to the ground where it groweth.

(c) Maketh the ground barren in that part, which otherwise were good for vines.


 8 And he answered, and said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I dig round about it, and dung it.


 9 And if it bear fruit, well; if not, then after thou shalt cut it down.


 10  ∂ (3) And he taught in one of the Synagogues on the Sabbath day.


(3) Christ came to deliver us from the bands of Satan.


 11 And behold, there was a woman which had a (d) (*) spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was (♣) bowed together, and could not lift up herself in any wise.


(d) Troubled with a disease which Satan brought.

(*) Whom Satan had stricken with a disease, as the spirit of covetousness is that spirit, that maketh a man covetous.

(♣) As they are whose sinews are shrunk.


 12 When Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said to her, Woman, thou art (e) (*) loosed from thy disease.


(e) For Satan had the woman bound, as if she had been in chains, insomuch that for eighteen years space she could not hold up her head.

(*) Or, set at liberty out of Satanís bands.


 13 And he laid his hands on her, and immediately she was made straight again, and glorified God.


 14  (4) And the (f) ruler of the Synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus healed on the Sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work; in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day.


(4) A lively image of hypocrisy, and reward thereof.
(f) One of the rulers of the Synagogue, for it appeareth by Mark 5:22 and Acts 13:15; that there were many rulers of the Synagogue.


 15 Then answered him the Lord, and said, Hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the Sabbath day loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to the water?


 16 And ought not this daughter of Abraham, whom Satan had bound, lo, eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath day?


 17 And when he said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed; but all the people rejoiced at all the excellent things that were done by him.


 18  ∂ (*) Then said he, What is the (♣) kingdom of God like? Or whereto shall I compare it?


(*) Matthew 13:31; Mark 4:31 .

(♣) By these similitudes he sheweth the increase, whereby God augmenteth his kingdom, contrary to all menís opinions.


 19  (5) It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his garden, and it grew, and waxed a great tree, and the fowls of the heaven made nests in the branches thereof.


(5) God beginneth his kingdom with small beginnings, that the unlooked for proceeding of it may better set forth his power.


 20  ∂ (*) And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God?


(*) Matthew 13:33 .


 21 It is like leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three pecks of flour, till all was leavened.


 22  ∂ (*) (6) And he went through all cities and towns, teaching, and journeying towards Jerusalem.


(*) Matthew 9:35; Mark 6:6 .

(6) Against them which had rather err with many, than go right with a few, and by that means through their own slowness, are shut out of the kingdom of God.


 23 Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few that shall be saved? And he said unto them,


 24  (*) (♣) Strive to enter in at the strait gate; for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able.


(*) Matthew 7:13 .

(♣) We must endeavor and cut off all impediments, which may let us.


 25 When the good man of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us, and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are.


 26  (7) (*) Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.


(7) He is in vain in the Church, which is not of the Church, which thing the cleanness of life sheweth.

(*) He warnest the Jews, that they deprive not themselves by their own negligence or that salvation which was offered unto them.


 27  (*) But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.


(*) Matthew 7:23; Matthew 15:41; Psalm 6:8 .


 28  (8) There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the Prophets in the kingdom of God, and yourselves thrust out at doors.


(8) The casting off of the Jews, and the calling of the Gentiles is foretold.


 29 Then shall come many from the (g) (*) East, and from the West, and from the North, and from the South, and shall sit at Table in the kingdom of God.


(g) From all the quarters of the world, and these are four of the chiefest.

(*) The people which then were strangers.


 30  (*) And behold, (♣) there are last, which shall be first, and there are first, which shall be last.


(*) Matthew 19:30; Matthew 20:16; Mark 10:31 .

(♣) Christ cutteth off the vain confidence of the Jews who glorified in that, that God had chosen them for his people; yet they obeyed him not according to his word.


 31  (9) The same day there came certain Pharisees, and said unto him, Depart, and go hence, for Herod will kill thee.


(9) We must go forward in the case of our calling, through the midst of terrors, whether they be true or feigned.


 32 Then said he unto them, Go ye and tell that (h) fox, Behold, I (*) cast out devils, and will heal still (i) (♣) today, and tomorrow, and the third day (♠) I shall be (k) (♦) perfected.


(h) That deceitful and treacherous man.

(*) Neither the envy of the Pharisees, who would have put him in fear of. He rode, nor yet any policy of man could stay him from that office which God had enjoined him.
(i) That is, a small time, and Theophylact saith, it is a proverb; or else, by Today, we may understand the time that now is, and by Tomorrow, the time to come, meaning thereby all the time of his ministry and office.

(♣) Meaning a little while.

(♠) By Christís death we are made perfect forever.
(k) To wit, when the sacrifice for sin is ended.

(♦) Or, make an end.


 33  (10) Nevertheless I must walk today, and tomorrow, and the day following; for it cannot be that a Prophet (*) should perish out of Jerusalem.


(10) There are nowhere more cruel enemies of the godly, than they which are within the Sanctuary and Church itself; but God seeth it, and will in his time have an account of it.

(*) He noteth their malice which by all means sought his death more than did the tyrant, of whom they willed him to beware.


 34  (*) O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the Prophets, and stonest them that are sent to thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, as the hen gathereth her (l) brood under her wings, and ye would not!


(*) Matthew 23:37 .                   

(l) Word for word, the nest; now the brood of chickens is the nest.


 35 Behold, your (*) house is left unto you desolate; and verily I tell you, ye shall not see me until the time come that ye shall say, (♣) Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord.


(*) Christ forewarneth them of the destruction of the Temple, and of their whole policy.

                        (♣) When your own conscience shall reprove you and cause you to confess that which ye now deny, which                              shall be when you shall see me in my majesty.




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