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Luke 3


 1 Now (1) in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and (*) Herod being Tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip Tetrarch of Ituraea, and of the country of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the Tetrarch of Abilene,


(1) John cometh at the time foretold of the Prophets, and layeth the foundation of the Gospel which is exhibited unto us, setting forth the true observing of the Law, and free mercy in Christ, which cometh after him, using also baptism the effectual sign both of regeneration and also forgiveness of sins.

(*) This was the son of Herod called the great.


 2 ( (*) When (a) Annas and Caiaphas were the high (♣) Priests) the word of God came unto John, the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.


(*) Acts 4:6 .

(a) Josephus calleth him Ananus.

(♣) There could be by God’s Law but one sacrificer at once; but because of the troubles that then reigned, the office was so mangled by reason of ambition and bribery, that both Caiaphas and Annas his father in law had it divided between them.


 3  (*) And he came into all the coasts about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins,


(*) Matthew 3:2; Mark 1:4 .


 4 As it is written in the book of the sayings of Isaiah the Prophet, which saith, (*) The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness is, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.


(*) Isaiah 40:3; John 1:23 .


 5 Every (*) valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low, and crooked things shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth.


(*) All impediments shall be taken away, which should hinder the way of God or of salvation, so that the way shall be plain by Christ to lead us unto God.


 6 And (*) all flesh shall see the (♣) salvation of God.


(*) Or, every man.

(♣) That is, the Messiah shall be revealed to the world.


 7 Then said he to the people that were come out to be baptized of him, (*) (♣) O generations of vipers, who hath forewarned you to flee from the wrath to come?


(*) Matthew 3:7 .

(♣) Or, viper’s broods.


8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy amendment of life, and begin not to say with yourselves, We have Abraham to our father, for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.


 9 Now also is the (*) axe laid unto the root of the trees; therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit, shall be hewn down, and cast into the fire.


(*) The vengeance of God is at hand.


 10  ¶ Then the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?


 11 And he answered, and said unto them, (*) He (♣) that hath two coats, let him part with him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.


(*) James 2:15; 1 John 3:17 .

(♣) He willeth that the rich help the poor according to their necessity.


 12 Then came there (*) Publicans also to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?


(*) Whose office was to receive the tribute and tolls.


 13 And he said unto them, Require no more than that which is (b) appointed unto you.


(b) Require no more than that sum that is appointed for the tribute money.


 14 The soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely, and be content with your (c) wages.


(c) Which was paid to them partly in money, and partly in victual.


 15  (2) As the people waited, and all men mused in their hearts of John, if he were not the Christ,


(2) If we will rightly, and fruitfully receive the sacraments, we must neither rest in the signs, neither in him that ministereth the signs, but lift up our eyes to Christ, who is the author of the sacraments, and the giver of that which is represented by the sacraments.


 16 John answered, and said to them all, (*) Indeed I (♣) baptize you with water, but one stronger than I, cometh, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose; he will baptize you with the holy Ghost, and (♠) with fire.


(*) Matthew 3:11; Mark 1:8; John 1:26; Acts 1:5; Acts 8:4; Acts 11:16; Acts 19:4 .

(♣) The virtue and force of baptism standeth in Jesus Christ, and John was but the minister thereof.

(♠) That is, with a mighty and vehement Spirit; whose property is to consume and purge our filth as fire doeth the metals.


 17  (*) (3) Whose fan is in his hand, and he will make clean his floor, and will gather the wheat into his (♣) garner, but the chaff will he burn up with fire that never shall be quenched.


(*) Matthew 3:12 .

(3) The Gospel is the fan of the world.

(♣) A granary, or a building or place where grain is stored for preservation.


 18 Thus then exhorting with many other things, he preached unto the people.


 19  (*) (4) But when (♣) Herod the Tetrarch was rebuked of him, for Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,


(*) Matthew 14:8; Mark 6:17 .

(4) John's preaching is confirmed with his death.

(♣) Named Antipas.


 20 He added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.


 21  (*) (5) Now it came to pass, as all the people were baptized, and that Jesus was baptized and did pray, that the heaven was opened,


(*) Matthew 3:13; Mark 1:9; John 1:32 .

(5) Our baptism is sanctified in the head of the Church, and Christ also is pronounced, by the voice of the Father, to be one everlasting King, Priest, and Prophet.


 22 And the holy Ghost came down in a bodily shape like a dove, upon him, and there was a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in thee I am well pleased.


 23  ¶ (6) And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being as men supposed the son of (*) Joseph, which was the son of Eli,


(6) The stock of Christ according to the flesh, is brought order even to Adam, and so to God, that it might appear, that he only it was, whom God promised to Abraham and David, and appointed from everlasting to his Church, which is gathered together of all sorts of men.

(*) Luke ascendeth from the last father to the first, and Matthew descendeth from the first to the last. Matthew extendeth not his rehearsal further then to Abraham, which is for the assurance of the promise for the Jews. Luke referreth it even to Adam, whereby the Gentiles also are assured of the promise, because they came of Adam, and are restored in the second Adam; Matthew counteth by the legal descent, and Luke by the natural; finally both two speaking of the same persons apply unto them divers names.


 24 The son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph,


 25 The son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Naum, the son of Esli, the son of Nagge,


 26 The son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semei, the son of (*) Joseph, the son of Judah,


(*) Or, Joseph.


 27 The son of Joanna, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zorobabel, the son of Salathiel, the son of Neri,


 28 The son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er,


 29  ¶ The son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of (*) Matthat, the son of Levi,


(*) Or, Mattha.


 30 The son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim,


 31 The son of Melea, the son of (*) Mainan, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David,


(*) Or, Menna.


 32 The son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Naasson,


 33 The son of Aminadab, the son of Aram, the son of Esrom, the son of Phares, the son of Judah,


 34 The son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Thara, the son of Nachor,


 35 The son of Saruch, the son of Ragau, the son of Phalec, the son of Eber, the son of Sala,


 36 The son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,


 37 The son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Maleleel, the son of Cainan,


 38 The son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son (*) of God.


(*) Not that Adam was the son of God by generation, but by creation, in the which sense God also calleth himself father; Deuteronomy 32:6; Deuteronomy 32:18-19 .





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