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Luke 4


 1 And (1) Jesus full of the holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by that Spirit into the wilderness,


(1) Christ being carried away (as it were out of the world, into the desert) after the fast of forty days, and the overcoming of Satan thrice, coming as it were suddenly from heaven, beginneth his office.  


 2  (*) And was there forty days tempted of the devil, and in those days (♣) he did eat nothing, but when they were ended, he afterward was hungry.


(*) Matthew 4:1; Mark 1:12 .

(♣) This fast was miraculous, to confirm the gospel, and ought no more of men to be followed than the other miracles that Christ did.


 3  (2) Then the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone, that it be made bread.


(2) Christ being stirred up of Satan, first to distrust in God, secondly to one desire of riches and honor, and lastly to a vain confidence of himself, overcometh him thrice by the word of God.


 4 But Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, (*) That man shall not live by bread only, but by every (♣) word of God.


(*) Deuteronomy 8:3; Matthew 4:4 .

(♣) That is, by the ordinance, and providence of God.


 5 Then the devil took him up into a high mountain, and shewed him all the kingdoms of the world, (*) in the twinkling of an eye.


(*) Greek, in a moment of time.


 6 And the devil said unto him, All this (a) power will I (*) give thee, and the glory of those kingdoms; for that is (b) delivered to me, and to whomsoever I will, I give it.


(a) By this word power, are the kingdoms themselves meant, which have the power; and so it is spoken by the figure Metonymy.

(*) Satan promiseth that, which he can not give, thinking thereby that he might deceive the more craftily; for he is but prince of the world by permission, and hath his power limited.
(b) That is sure so, for he is prince of the world yet not absolutely, and as the sovereign over it, but by sufferance, and way of entreaty, and therefore he saith not true,  that he can give it to whom he will.


 7 If thou therefore wilt (*) worship me, they shall be all (c) thine.


(*) Or, fall down before me.

(c) Out of a high place, which had a goodly champion country underneath it, he shewed him the situation of all countries.


 8 But Jesus answered him, and said, Hence from me, Satan, for it is written, (*) Thou shalt worship the Lord thy (♣) God, and him alone thou shalt serve.


(♣) Christ sheweth that all creatures ought only to worship and serve God.

(*) Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20 .


 9 Then he brought him to (*) Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the Temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence,


(*) This declareth how hard it is to resist the temptations of Satan; for he giveth not over twice or thrice putting back.


 10 For it is written, (*) That he will give his Angels charge over thee to keep thee,


(*) Psalm 91:11-12 .


 11 And with their hands they shall lift thee up, lest at any time thou shouldest dash thy foot against a stone.


 12 And Jesus answered, and said unto him, It is said, (*) Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.


(*) Deuteronomy 6:16 .


 13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him (*) for a little season.


(*) It is not enough, twice or thrice to resist Satan; for he never ceaseth to tempt; or if he relent a little, it is to the end that he may renew his force and assail us more sharply.


 14  ∂ And Jesus returned by the power of the spirit into Galilee, and there went a fame of him throughout all the region round about.


 15 For he taught in their Synagogues, and was honored of all men.


 16  (*) (3) And he came to Nazareth where he had been brought up, and (as his custom was) went into the Synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.


(*) Matthew 13:54; Mark 6:2; John 4:43 .

(3) Who Christ is, and wherefore he came, he sheweth out of the Prophet Isaiah.


 17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the Prophet Isaiah. And when he had (d) opened the book, he found the place, where it was written,


(d) Their books in those days were rolled up as scrolls upon a ruler; and so Christ unrolled, or unfolded it, which is here called opened.


 18  (*) The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath (♣) anointed me, that I should preach the Gospel to the poor, he hath sent me, that I should heal the broken hearted, that I should preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, that I should set at liberty them that are bruised,


(*) Isaiah 61:1 .

(♣) That is, endued with grace.


 19 And that I should preach the (*) acceptable year of the Lord.


(*) He alludeth to the year of Jubilee, which is mentioned in the Law, whereby this great deliverance was figured.


 20 And he closed the book, and gave it again to the minister, and sat down; and the eyes of all that were in the Synagogue were fastened on him.


 21 Then he began to say unto them, This day is the Scripture fulfilled in your ears.


 22  (4) And all (e) (*) bare him witness, and (f) wondered at the (g) gracious words, which proceeded out of his mouth, and said, Is not this Josephís son?


(4) Familiarity causeth Christ to be contemned, and therefore he often times goeth to strangers.
(e) Approved those things, which he spake, with common consent and voice; for the word, witness, signifieth in this place and many other to allow and approve a thing with open confession.

(*) These approved and commended whatsoever he said.
(f) Not only the doctors but also the common people were present at this conference of the Scriptures; and besides that their mother tongue was used, for else how else how could the people have wondered? Paul appointed the same order in the Church at Corinth; 1 Corinthians 14 .
(g) Words full of the mighty power of God, which appeared in all his doings as well, and allured men marvelously unto him, Psalm 45:2; grace is poured into thy lips.


 23 Then he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, (*) heal thyself; whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do it here likewise in thy own country.


(*) Bestow thy benefits upon them which appertain more unto thee.


 24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, (*) No (♣) Prophet is accepted in his own country. 


(*) John 4:44 .

(♣) Their infidelity stayed Christ from working miracles.


25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of (*) Elijah, when heaven was shut three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the (h) land;


(*) 1 Kings 17:9; James 5:17 .

(h) Land of Israel.


 26 But unto none of them was Elijah sent, save into Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a (*) certain widow.


(*) He sheweth by examples that God oft times preferreth the strangers to them of the household.


 27 Also many lepers were in Israel, in the time of (*) Elisha the Prophet; yet none of them was made clean, saving Naaman the Syrian.


(*) 2 Kings 5:14 .


 28  (5) Then all that were in the Synagogue, when they heard it, were (*) filled with wrath,


(5) The more sharply the world is rebuked, the more it rageth openly; but the life of the godly is not simply subject to the pleasure of the wicked.

(*) Because they perceived that the grace of God should be taken from them and given to others.


 29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the edge of the hill, whereon their city was built, to cast him down headlong.


 30 But he passed (*) through the midst of them, and went his way,


(*) And escaped miraculously out of their hands; for his hour was not yet come.


 31  ∂ (*) And came down into Capernaum a city of Galilee, and there taught them on the Sabbath days.


(*) Matthew 4:13; Mark 1:21 .


 32  (*) And they were astonied at his doctrine, for his word was with (♣) authority.


(*) Matthew 7:29; Mark 1:22 .

(♣) Full of dignity and majesty, which touched the heart of the auditors and caused them to bear reverence to his words.


 33  (*) And in the Synagogue there was a man which had a (♣) spirit of an unclean devil, which cried with a loud voice,


(*) Mark 1:23 .

(♣) That is, the motion of the devil, or that was tormented with a very devil.


 34  (6) Saying, Oh, what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? Art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, even the Holy one of God.


(6) Christ astonisheth not only men, be they never so blockish, but even the devils also, whether they will or no.


 35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. Then the devil throwing him in the midst of them, came out of him, and hurt him not.


 36 So fear came on them all, and they spake among themselves, saying, What thing is this? For with authority and power he commandeth the foul spirits, and they come out?


 37 And the fame of him spread abroad throughout all the places of the country round about.


 38  ∂ (*) (7) And he rose up, and came out of the Synagogue, and entered into Simonís house. And Simonís wifeís mother was taken with a great fever, and they required him for her.


(*) Matthew 8:14; Mark 1:29 .

(7) In that which Christ healeth the diseases of the body with his word only, he proveth that he is God Almighty, sent for man's salvation.


 39 Then he stood over her, and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and immediately she arose, and ministered unto them.


 40 Now at the sun setting, all they that had sick folks of divers diseases, brought them unto him, and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.


 41  (*) (8) And devils also came out of many, crying, and saying, (♣) Thou art the Christ the Son of God; but he rebuked them, and suffered them not to say that they knew him to be the Christ.


(*) Mark 1:39 .

(8) Satan, who is a continual enemy to the truth, ought not to be heard, no not then, when he speaketh the truth.

(♣) The devils are constrained to confess Christ to be the Son of God, and yet it doeth nothing avail them because it cometh not of faith.


 42  (9) And when it was day, he departed, and went forth into a desert place, and the people sought him, and came to him, and kept him that he should not depart from them.


(9) No color of zeal ought to hinder us in the race of our vocation.


 43 But he said unto them, Surely I must also preach the kingdom of God to other cities, for therefore am I sent.


 44 And he preached in the Synagogues of Galilee.



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