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Luke 6


 1 And (*) (1) it came to pass on a second (♣) Sabbath, after the first, that he went through the corn fields, and his disciples (a) plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, and rubbed them in their hands.


(*) Matthew 12:1; Mark 2:23 .

(1) Christ sheweth against the superstitious, who stick in every trifle, that the Law of the very Sabbath, was not given to be kept without exception; much less that the salvation of man should consist in the outward keeping of it.

(♣) Those feasts which contained many days as the Passover, and the feast of Tabernacles, had two Sabbaths; the first day of the feast, and the last.
(a) Epiphanius noteth well in his treatise, where he confuteth Ebion, that the time, when the disciples plucked the ears of the corn, was in the feast of unleavened bread; Now, whereas in these feasts which were kept many days together, as the feast of Tabernacles, and the Passover, their first day and their last were of like solemnity, Leviticus 23; Luke fitly calleth the last day the second Sabbath, though Theophylact understandeth it of any other of them, that followed the first.


 2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the Sabbath days?


 3 Then Jesus answered them, and said, (*) Have ye not read this, that David did when he himself was ahungered, and they which were with him,


(*) 1 Samuel 21:6 .


 4 How he went into the house of God, and took, and ate the shewbread, and gave also to them which were with him, which was not lawful to eat, but for the (*) Priests only?


(*) Exodus 29:33; Leviticus 8:31; Leviticus 24:9 .


 5 And he said unto them, The Son of man is (*) Lord also of the Sabbath day.


(*) Having power to dispense with, and qualify the keeping of the Sabbath and other ceremonies.


 6  ∂ (*) (2) It came to pass also on another Sabbath, that he entered into the Synagogue, and taught, and there was a man, whose right hand was dried up.


(*) Matthew 12:10; Mark 3:1 .

(2) Charity is the rule of all ceremonies.


 7 And the Scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the Sabbath day, that they might find an accusation against him.


 8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Arise, and stand up in the midst. And he arose, and stood up.


 9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you a question, Whether is it lawful on the Sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? To save (*) life, or to (b) destroy?


(*) Or, a person.

(b) Who so helpeth not his neighbor when he can, he killeth him.


 10 And he beheld them all in compass, and said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so, and his hand was restored again, as whole as the other.


 11 Then they were filled full of madness, and communed one with another, what they might do to Jesus.


 12  ∂ (3) And it came to pass in those days, that he went into a mountain to pray, and spent the night in prayer to God.


(3) In that which Christ useth earnest and long prayer, in choosing twelve of his own company, to the office of the Apostleship, he sheweth how religiously we ought to behave ourselves in the choice of Ecclesiastical persons.


 13 And when it was day, (*) he called his disciples, and of them he chose (♣) twelve which also he called (♠) Apostles:


(*) Luke 9:1; Matthew 10:1; Mark 3:13; Mark 6:7 .

(♣) According to the similitude of the twelve Patriarchs, of whom the Church of God is sprung.

(♠) Ambassadors or messengers whom he had elected before, but now enjoineth them their charge.


 14 (Simon whom he named also Peter, and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew;


 15 Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called zealous;


 16 Judas Jamesí brother, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.)


 17 Then he came down with them, and stood in (*) a plain place, with the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judea, and Jerusalem, and from the (c) sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases,


(*) Or, champion.

(c) From all the sea coast, which is called Syrophoenecia.


 18 And they that were vexed with foul spirits, and they were healed.


 19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him, for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.


 20  ∂ (*) (4) And he lifted up his eyes upon his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye (♣) poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.


(*) Matthew 5:3 .

(4) Christ teacheth against all Philosophers, and especially the Epicureans, that the chiefest felicity of man is laid up in no place here in earth, but in heaven; and that persecution for righteousness' sake, is the right way unto it.

(♣) They that are humble and submit themselves willingly to obey God.


 21  (*) Blessed are ye that hunger now, for ye shall be satisfied. (♣) Blessed are ye that weep now, for ye shall laugh.


(*) Isaiah 65:13 .

(♣) Isaiah 61:3 .


 22  (*) Blessed are ye when men hate you, and when (d) (♣) they separate you, and revile you, and put out your name as evil, for the Son of manís sake.


(*) Matthew 5:11 .

(d) Cast you out of their Synagogues, as John expoundeth it, John 16:2; which is the sharpest punishment the Church hath, if so be the Elders judge rightfully, and by the word of God.

(♣) He meaneth excommunication which also he calleth putting out their names John calleth it casting out of the Synagogue; Paul, delivering to Satan, which punishment as it is most terrible when it is justly executed, so it is comfortable to the godly when they are cast out of wicked menís company as the Prophet declareth, Psalm 1:1 .


 23 Rejoice ye in that day, and (e) be (*) glad, for behold, your reward is great in heaven, for after this manner their fathers did to the Prophets.


(e) Leaps (as cattle do, which are provender pricked) for exceeding joy.

(*) The word signifieth to leap for joy, or to shew mirth by outward gesture.


 24  (*) But woe be to you that are (♣) rich, for ye have (f) received your consolation.


(*) Amos 6:1 .

(♣) That put your trust in your riches, and forget the life to come.

(f) That is, you reap now of your riches, all the commodity and blessings you are ever like to have, and therefore, you have not to look for any other reward; Matthew 6:2 .


 25  (*) Woe be to you that are full, for ye shall hunger. Woe be to you that now (♣) laugh, for ye shall wail and weep.


(*) Isaiah 65:13 .

(♣) Signifying them that live at ease and after the pleasures of the flesh.


 26 Woe be to you when all (*) men speak well of you, for so did their fathers to the false prophets.


(*) He reproveth ambition and vain glory when as men go about by all means to get favor, and worldly pomp.


 27  ∂ (*) (5) But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do well to them which hate you.


(*) Matthew 5:44 .

(5) Christian charity, which differeth much from the worldly, doth not only not revenge injuries, but comprehended even our most grievous enemies, and that for our Father's sake, which is in heaven; so far is it, from seeking it own profit in doing well.


 28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which hurt you.


 29  (*) And unto him that (♠) smiteth thee on the one cheek, offer also the other; (♣) and him that taketh away thy cloak, forbid not to take thy coat also.


(*) Matthew 5:39 .

(♠) Rather endure more injury than revenge yourselves.

(♣) 1 Corinthians 6:7 .


 30 Give to every man that asketh of thee, and of him that taketh away the things that be thine, (*) ask them not again.


(*) Be not careful for the loss of thy goods, that thou shouldest be discouraged to serve God.


 31  (*) And as ye would that men should do to you, so do ye to them likewise.


(*) Matthew 7:12 .


 32  (*) For if ye love them which love you, (g) what thank shall ye have? For even the (♣) sinners love those that love them.


(*) Matthew 5:46 .

(g) What is there in this your work, that is to be accounted of? For if you look to have commodity by loving, seek those commodities, which are commodities indeed; love your enemies, and so you shall shew to the world that you look for those commodities, which come from God.

(♣) They are commonly called sinners, which are of a wicked life, and without all fear of God.


 33 And if ye do good for them which do good for you, what thank shall ye have? For even the sinners do the same.


 34  (*) And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank shall ye have? For even the sinners lend to sinners, to receive the like.


(*) Matthew 5:42; Deuteronomy 15:8 .


 35 Wherefore love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, (h) (♣) looking for nothing again, and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of (*) the most High; for he is kind unto the unkind, and to the evil.


(h) When you will lend, do it only to benefit and pleasure withal, and not for hope, to receive the principal again.

(♣) Not only not hoping for profit, but to lose the stock and principal for as much as Christ bindeth himself to repay the whole with a most liberal interest.

(*) Matthew 5:45 .


 36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.


 37  ∂ (*) (6) Judge not, and ye shall not be judged; condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned; (i) forgive, and ye shall be forgiven.


(*) Matthew 7:1 .

(6) Brotherly reprehension must not proceed from curiosity, nor churlishness, nor malice, but they must be just, moderate, and loving.
(i) He speaketh not here of civil judgments, and therefore by the word, forgive, is meant that good nature, which the Christians use in suffering and pardoning wrongs.


 38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; (*) a good measure, (k) pressed down, shaken together and running over shall men give into your bosom; for with what measure ye mete, with the same shall men mete to you again.


(*) Matthew 7:2; Mark 4:24 .

(k) These are borrowed kinds of speeches taken from them which use to measure dry things, as corn and such like, who use a frank kind of dealing therein, and thrust it down and shake it together, and press it and heap it.


 39  (7) And he spake a parable unto them, (*) Can the blind lead the blind? Shall they not both fall into the ditch?


(7) Unskillful reprehenders hurt both themselves and others; for such as the master is, such is the scholar.

(*) Matthew 15:14 .


 40  (*) The disciple is not above his master; but whosoever will be a perfect disciple, shall be as his master.


(*) Matthew 10:24; John 13:16; John 15:20 .


 41  ∂ (*) (8) And why (♣) seest thou a mote in thy brotherís eye, and considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?


(*) Matthew 7:3 .

(8) Hypocrites, which are very severe reprehenders of others, are very quick of sight to spy other men's faults, but very blind to see their own.

(♣) He reproveth the hypocrisy of such as wink at their own horrible faults, and yet are to curious to spy out the least fault in their brother.


 42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou seest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Hypocrite, cast out the beam out of thine own eye first, and then shalt thou see perfectly to pull out the mote that is in thy brotherís eye.


 43  ∂ (*) (9) For it is not a good tree that bringeth forth evil fruit, neither an evil tree, that bringeth forth good fruit.


(*) Matthew 7:17 .

(9) He is a good man, not that is skillful to reprehend others, but he that proveth his uprightness in word and deed.


 44  (*) For every tree is known by his own fruit; (♣) for neither of thorns gather men figs, nor of bushes gather they grapes.


(*) Matthew 12:33 .

(♣) Matthew 7:16 .


 45 A (*) good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth good, and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth evil; for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.


(*) The name and title are nothing worth to prove that a man is sent of God, except in effect he shew the same.


 46  ∂ (*) But why call ye me (♣) Lord, Lord, and do not the things that I speak?


(*) Matthew 7:21; Romans 2:13; James 1:21 .

(♣) He speaketh not only to the false prophets, but to all false pastors, hirelings and hypocrites.


 47  (10) Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my words, and doeth the same, I will shew you to whom he is like:


(10) Affliction doth at the length discern true godliness from false and feigned.


 48 He is like a man which built a house, and dug deep, and laid the foundation on a rock; and when the waters arose, the flood beat upon that house, and could not shake it, for it was grounded upon a rock.


 49 But he that heareth and doeth not, is like a man that built a house upon the earth without foundation, against which the flood did beat, and it fell by and by, and the fall of that house was great.




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