GENEVA BIBLE 1599
The Bible of the Pilgrims who founded America and also the Bible of the Reformation.
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1 And (*) (1) two days after followed the feast of the Passover, and of unleavened bread; and the high Priests, and Scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death;
(*) Matthew 26:2; Luke 22:1 .
(1) By the will of God, against the counsel of men, it came to pass that Christ should be put to death upon the solemn day of the Passover, that in all respects the truth might agree to the figure.
2 But they said, Not in the feast day, lest there be any tumult among the people.
3 (*) And when he was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at table, there came a woman having a box of ointment of (♣) Spikenard, very costly, and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.
(*) Matthew 26:6; John 12:2 .
(♣) Or, of pure nard and faithfully made.
4 (2) Therefore (*) some disdained among themselves, and said, To what end is this waste of ointment?
(2) Rash judgments are frustrate before God.
(*) As Judas who caused this murmuring.
5 For it might have been sold for more than (a) three hundred pence, and been given unto the poor, (*) and they murmured against her.
(a) Which is about six pounds English, or six pounds sterling.
(*) To wit, Judas, who was offended therewith, and therefore made a business.
6 But Jesus said, Let her alone; Why trouble ye her? She hath wrought a good work on me.
7 (3) For ye have the poor with you always, and when ye will, ye may do them good, but me ye shall not have always.
(3) Christ suffered himself to be anointed once or twice for certain considerations; but his will is to be daily anointed in the poor.
8 (4) She hath done that she could; she came aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
(4) This woman is the secret instinct of the Spirit, anointing Christ, setteth before men's eyes, his death and burial which were at hand.
9 Verily I say unto you, wheresoever this Gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done, shall be spoken of in remembrance of her.
10 ∂ (*) (5) Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, (♣) went away unto the high Priests, to betray him unto them.
(*) Matthew 26:14; Luke 22:4 .
(5) Covetousness cloaked with a zeal of charity, is an occasion to betray and crucify Christ.
(♣) He took occasion by this ointment as of a thing evil done.
11 And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised that they would give him money; therefore he sought how he might conveniently betray him.
12 ∂ (*) (6) Now the first day of unleavened bread, (b) when (c) they sacrificed the (d) Passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare, that thou mayest eat the Passover?
(*) Matthew 26:17; Luke 22:8 .
(6) Christ being made subject to the Law for us, doeth celebrate the
Passover according to the Law; and therewithal by a miracle sheweth that
notwithstanding he in the flesh shall straightway suffer, yet that he is
(b) That is, upon which day, and at the evening of the same day, which was the beginning of the fifteenth, Matthew 26:17 .
(c) They used to sacrifice.
(d) This is spoken thus, by the figure Metonymy, which is usual in Sacraments, and by the Passover is meant the Paschal lamb.
13 Then he sent forth two of his disciples, and said unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall a man meet you bearing a pitcher of water; follow him.
14 And whithersoever he goeth in, say ye to the good man of the house, The Master saith, Where is the lodging where I shall eat the Passover with my disciples?
15 And he will shew you an (e) upper chamber which is large, trimmed and prepared; there make it ready for us.
(e) The Greek word signifieth that part of the house that is highest from the ground, to what use forever it be put, but because they used to sup in that part of the house, they called it a supping chamber.
16 So his disciples went forth, and came to the city, and found as he had said unto them, and made ready the Passover.
17 ∂ And at even he came with the twelve.
18 (*) (7) And as they sat at table and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me, which eateth with me.
(*) Psalm 41:10; Matthew 26:20-23; Luke 22:14; John 13:18-21 .
(7) The figure of the law, which is by and by to be fulfilled, is abrogated; and in place thereof are put figures of the new covenant answerable unto them, which shall continue to the world's end.
19 Then they began to be sorrowful and to say to him one by one, Is it I? And another, Is it I?
20 And he answered and said unto them, It is one of the twelve that (f) (*) dippeth with me in the platter.
(f) That useth to eat meat with me.
(*) To dip the hand, is as much to say, as he that is accustomed to eat with me.
21 Truly the Son of man goeth his way, as it is (♣) written of him; (*) but woe be to that man, by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It had been good for that man, if he had never been born.
(♣) This declareth that nothing can be done without Godís providence.
(*) Acts 1:16 .
22 (*) And as they did eat, Jesus took the bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it and gave it to them, and said, Take, eat, this is my body.
(*) Matthew 26:26; 1 Corinthians 11:24 .
23 Also he took the cup, and when he had (*) given thanks, gave it to them, and they all drank of it.
(*) The Greek word is to bless, which is here taken only to give thanks as Luke and Paul interpreted it, and Mark also so speaking of the cup.
24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the New Testament which is shed for many.
25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine until that day, that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.
26 And when they had sung a Psalm, they went out to the mount of Olives.
27 ∂ (*) (8) Then Jesus said unto them, All ye shall be (♠) offended by me this night, for it is written, (♣) I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.
(*) John 16:23 .
(8) Christ foretelleth how he shall be forsaken of his, but yet he will never forsake them.
(♠) That is, turned from me, because of the persecution.
(♣) Zechariah 13:7 .
28 But after that I am risen, I will go into (*) Galilee before you.
(*) Mark 16:7 .
29 (9) And Peter said unto him, Although all men should be offended, yet would not I.
(9) Here is set forth in an excellent person, a most sorrowful example of man's rashness and weakness.
30 Then Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, this day, even in this night before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.
31 But he said (g) more earnestly. If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee. Likewise also said they all.
(g) That doubling of words, setteth out more plainly Peter's vehement affirmation.
32 ∂ (*) (10) After, they came into a place named Gethsemane; then he said to his disciples, Sit ye here, till I have prayed.
(*) Matthew 26:36; Luke 22:39 .
(10) Christ suffering for us in that flesh which he took upon him for our sakes, the most horrible terrors of the curse of God, receiveth the cup at his Father's hands, which he being just, doeth straightway drink of for the unjust.
33 And he took with him Peter, and James, and John, and he began (*) to be troubled, and in great heaviness,
(*) His divinity was as it were hid, and his humanity shewed itself fully.
34 And said unto them, My soul is very heavy, even unto the death; tarry here, and watch.
35 So he went forward a little, and fell down on the ground, and prayed, that if it were possible, that hour might pass from him.
36 And he said, (h) (*) Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me; nevertheless not that I will, but that thou (♣) wilt, be done.
(h) This doubling of thy word was used in those days, when their languages were so mixed together; for this word, Abba, is a Syrian word.
(*) Ab in Hebrew, and Abba in the Syrian tongue signifieth the Father.
(♣) He standeth not so to his own will, but that willingly he offereth himself to obey God.
37 (11) Then he came, and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? Couldest not thou watch one hour?
(11) A horrible example of the sluggishness of men, even in the disciples whom Christ had chosen.
38 ∂ Watch ye, and pray, that ye enter not into temptation; the spirit indeed is ready, but the flesh is weak.
39 And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words.
40 And he returned, and found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy; neither knew they what they should answer him.
41 And he came the third time, and said unto them, (*) Sleep henceforth, and take your rest, it is enough; the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is delivered into the hands of sinners.
(*) He meaneth that the house will come when they shall be kept from sleeping.
42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me, is at hand.
43 (*) (12) And immediately while he yet spake, came Judas that was one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves from the high Priests, and Scribes, and Elders.
(*) Matthew 26:47; Luke 22:47; John 18:3 .
(12) As men did willingly spoil God their Creator of his praise in forsaking and betraying him; so Christ willingly going about to make satisfaction for this ruin, is forsaken for his own, and betrayed by one of his familiars as a thief, that the punishment might be agreement to the sin, and we who are traitors, forsakers, and sacrilegers might be delivered out of the devil's snare.
44 And he that betrayed him, had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever (*) I shall kiss, he it is; take him and lead him away (i) safely.
(*) It was the fashion then to greet with kissing at their meetings, and also at their departure.
(i) So diligently, that he escape not out of your hands.
45 And as soon as he was come, he went straightway to him, and said, (*) Master, master; and kissed him.
(*) He repeateth it twice, as if he had been moved with a certain pity in taking his last leave.
46 Then they laid their hands on him, and took him.
47 And (k) one of them that stood by, drew out a sword, and smote a (*) servant of the high Priest, and cut off his ear.
(k) That is, Peter.
(*) Called Malchus.
48 And Jesus answered, and said to them, Ye are come out as against a thief, with swords and with staves, to take me.
49 I was daily with you, teaching in the Temple, and ye (*) took me not; but this is done that the Scriptures should be fulfilled.
(*) Which declareth that no man can do anything contrary to Godís ordinance.
50 Then they (l) all forsook him, and fled.
(l) All his disciples.
51 (13) And there followed him a certain young man, clothed in (m) linen upon his bare body, and the young men caught him.
(13) Under pretence of godliness, all things are lawful to such as do
violence against Christ.
(m) Which he cast about him, when he hearing that slur in the night suddenly ran forth; whereby we may understand with how great licentiousness these villains violently set upon him.
52 But he left his linen cloth, and fled from them naked.
53 (*) So they led Jesus away to the high Priest, and to him came (n) together all the (♣) high Priests, and the Elders, and the Scribes.
(*) Matthew 26:57; Luke 22:54; John 18:24 .
(n) The highest council was assembled, because Christ was accused as a blasphemer and a false prophet; for as for the other crime of treason, it was forged against him by the Priests, to enforce Pilate by that means to condemn him.
(♣) That is, they which had chiefest authority among the Priests.
54 And Peter followed him (*) afar off, even into the hall of the high Priest, and sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the (♣) fire.
(*) Which signified that his hot zeal began now to be abated.
(♣) Or, light.
55 (14) And the (*) high Priests, and all the Council sought for witness against Jesus, to put him to death, but found none.
(14) Christ, who was so innocent that he could not be oppressed, no not by false witnesses, is at the length, for confessing God to be his father, condemned of impiety before the high Priest; that we, who denied God and were indeed wicked, might be quit before God.
(*) Matthew 26:59 .
56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness (*) agreed not together.
(*) Or, were not like.
57 Then there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying,
58 We heard him say, (*) I (♣) will destroy this Temple made with hands, and within three days I will build another, made without hands.
(*) John 2:19 .
(♣) These two witnesses dissented, in that the one reported that Christ said he could destroy the Temple, (as Matthew writeth) and the others said, that he heard him say, that he would do it as is here noted.
59 But their witness yet agreed not together.
60 Then the high Priest stood up amongst them, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? What is the matter that these bear witness against thee?
61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high Priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou that Christ the Son of the (o) Blessed?
(o) That is, of God, who is worthy of all praise; the which word in their language the Jews when they spake of God, use commonly in their writings even to this day.
62 And Jesus said, I am he, (*) and ye shall see the (♣) Son of man sit at the right hand of the power of God, and come in the clouds of heaven.
(*) Matthew 24:30 .
(♣) Whom they now condemned in this base estate, they should see appear at the last day with majesty and glory.
63 Then the high Priest rent his clothes, and said, What have we anymore need of witnesses?
64 Ye have heard the blasphemy; what think ye? And they all condemned him to be worthy of death.
65 (15) And some began to spit at him, and to cover his face, and to beat him with fists, and to say unto him, Prophesy. And the (*) sergeants smote him with their rods.
(15) Christ suffering all kind of reproach for our sakes, getteth everlasting glory to them that believe in him.
(*) This declareth the wickedness and insolency of the governors, and rulers, seeing their officers contrary to all justice, thus raged and tormented him, that was innocent.
66 (*) (16) And as Peter was beneath in the hall, there came one of the maids of the high Priest.
(*) Matthew 26:69; Luke 22:55; John 18:25 .
(16) A heavy example of the frailness of man, together with a most comfortable example of the mercy of God, who giveth the spirit of repentance and faith to his elect.
67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked on him, and said, Thou wast also with Jesus of Nazareth.
68 But (*) he denied it, saying, I know him not, neither wot I what thou sayest. Then he went out into the (♣) (♠) porch, and the cock crew.
(*) We ought to consider our own infirmity, that we may learn only to trust in God, and not in our own strength.
(♣) Or, entry.
(♠) Peter prepareth himself to flee if he were further laid unto.
69 (*) Then (p) a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them.
(*) Matthew 26:71; Luke 22:56; John 18:25 .
(p) If we compare the Evangelists diligently together, we shall perceive that Peter was known of many through the maiden's report; yea, in Luke, when the second denial is spoken of, there is a man servant mentioned, and not a maid.
70 But he denied it again. And anon after, they that stood by, said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them, for thou art of Galilee, and thy speech is like.
71 And he began to curse, and swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.
72 (*) Then the second time the cock crew, and Peter remembered the word that Jesus had said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice, and (♣) weighing that with himself, he wept.
(*) Matthew 26:75; John 13:38 .
(♣) Or, rushed out the doors and wept.
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1 Corinthians 14:8
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