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Matthew 10


 1 And (1) (*) he called his twelve disciples unto him, and gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every sickness, and every disease.


(1) The Apostles are sent to preach the Gospel in Israel.

(*) Mark 3:13-15; Luke 9:1-2 .


 2 Now the names of the twelve Apostles are these. The (a) first is Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;


(a) Theophylact saith that Peter and Andrew are called the first, because they were first called.


 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the Publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus whose surname was Thaddaeus;


 4 Simon (*) the Canaanite, and Judas (b) Iscariot, who also betrayed him.


(*) Or, the zealous.

(b) A man of Kerioth. Now Kerioth was in the tribe of Judah; Joshua 15:25 .


 5 These twelve did Jesus send forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into the cities of the Samaritans enter ye not;


 6 But go rather (*) to the (♣) lost sheep of the house of Israel.


(*) Acts 13:46 .

(♣) For the kingdom of God must first be preached unto them, because Christ was especially promised unto them.


 7  (*) (2) And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.


(*) Luke 10:9-11 .

(2) The sum of the gospel, or preaching of the Apostles.


 8  (3) Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise up the dead, cast out the devils. Freely ye have received, (*) freely give.


(3) Miracles are dependencies of the word.

(*) He commandeth them to offer themselves freely to the Lordís work, without respect of gain or lucre.


 9  (*) (4) (♣) Possess (c) not (♠) gold, nor silver, nor money in your (♦) girdles.


(*) Mark 6:8-9; Luke 9:3; Luke 22:35 .

(4) The ministers of the word must cast away all cares that might hinder them the least wise that might be.

(♣) Or, provide not for.
(c) For this journey, to wit, both that nothing might hinder them, and also that they might feel some taste of God's providence; for at their return back, the Lord asketh of them, whether they lacked anything by the way, Luke 22:35 .

(♠) Because he sendeth them not for a long time, but only for one journey, he defendeth the things that might let them; nether is this a perpetual commandment.

(♦) Or, purses.


 10 Nor a scrip for the journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor a staff; (*) for the workman is worthy of his (d) meat.


(*) 1 Timothy 5:15 .

(d) God will provide you with meat.


 11  (5) And into (*) whatsoever city or town ye shall come, enquire who is worthy in it, and there abide till ye go thence.


(5) Happy are they that receive the preaching of the Gospel; and unhappy are they, that refuse it.

(*) Luke 10:8 .


 12 And when ye come into an house, salute the same.


 13 And if the house be worthy, let your (e) peace come upon it; but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.


(e) It is an manner of speech taken from the Hebrews, whereby they meant all kind of happiness.


 14  (*) And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house, or that city, (♣) (♠) shake off the dust of your feet.


(*) Mark 6:11; Luke 9:5 .

(♣) Acts 13:51; Acts 18:6 .

(♠) To signify that their land is polluted, and that you consent not to their wickedness.


 15 Truly I say unto you, it shall be easier for them of the land of (*) Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.


(*) Who were not so lively taught, and advertised.


 16  ∂ (*) (6) Behold, I send you as (f) sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye therefore wise as serpents, and (g) (♣) (♠) innocent as doves.


(*) Luke 10:3 .

(6) Christ sheweth how the ministers must behave themselves under the cross.
(f) You shall be in great dangers.
(g) You shall not so much as revenge an injury; and by the mixing of these beastsí natures together, he will not have our wisdom to be malicious, nor our simplicity mad, but a certain form of good nature as exquisitely framed of both them, as may be.

(♣) Or, simple.

(♠) Not revenging wrong, much less doing wrong.


 17 But beware of (h) men, for they will deliver you up to the Councils, and will scourge you in their Synagogues.


(h) For in the cause of religion men are wolves one to another.


 18 And ye shall be brought to the Governors and Kings for my sake, in (*) witness to them, and to the Gentiles.


(*) To take from them all pretence of ignorance, and to make them inexcusable.


 19  (*) But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak; for it shall be given you in that hour, what ye shall say.


(*) Mark 13:11; Luke 12:11 .


 20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.


 21 And the (*) brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father the son, and the children shall rise against their parents, and shall cause them to die.


(*) Luke 21:16 .


 22 And ye shall be hated of all men for my Name; (*) but he that endureth to the end, he shall be saved.


(*) Mark 13:13 .


 23 And when they persecute you in this city, flee (*) into another; for verily I say unto you, ye shall not finish (i) going over all the cities of Israel, till the (♣) Son of man be come.


(*) To profit and do good, and not be idle.

(i) Bring to an end, that is, you shall not have gone through all the cities of Israel, and preached in them.

(♣) And will comfort you and give manifest evidence of his presence; and he speaketh not of their first sending, but of the whole time of their Apostleship.


 24  (*) The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord.


(*) Luke 6:40; John 13:16; John 15:20 .


 25 It is enough for the disciple to be as his master is, and the servant as his lord. (*) If they have called the master of the house (k) (♣) Beelzebub, how much more them of his household?


(*) Matthew 12:24 .

(k) It was the idol of the Acronites, which we call the god of flies.

(♣) It was the name of an idol which signified the god of flies, & in despite thereof was attributed to the devil; read 2 Kings 1:2, and the wicked called Christ by this name.


 26  (l) Fear them not therefore, (*) for there is nothing covered, that shall not be disclosed, nor hid, that shall not be known.


(l) Truth shall not always be hid.

(*) Mark 4:22; Luke 8:17; Luke 12:2 .


 27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light; and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye on the (m) (*) houses.


(m) Openly, and in the highest places. For the tops of their houses were so made, that they might walk upon them, Acts 10:9 .

(*) Which in those countries are so made that men may walk upon them.


 28 And (n) fear ye not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather fear him, which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.


(n) Though tyrants be never so raging and cruel, yet we may not fear them.


 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a (o) farthing, and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father?


(o) The fourth part of an ounce.


 30  (*) Yea, and all the hairs of your head are numbered.


(*) 1 Samuel 14:45; 2 Samuel 14:11; Acts 27:34 . 


 31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.


 32  (7) (*) Whosoever therefore shall (♣) confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.


(7) The necessity and reward of open confessing Christ.

(*) Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; Luke 12:8; 2 Timothy 2:12 .

(♣) And acknowledge me his only Saviour.


 33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.


 34  (*) (8) Think not that I am come to send peace into the earth; I came not to send (♣) peace, but the sword.


(*) Luke 12:51 .

(8) Civil dissentions follow the preaching of the Gospel.

(♣) He giveth us inward peace in our consciences, but outwardly we must have war with wicked worldlings.


 35 For I am come to set a man at (*) variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.


(*) Which thing cometh not of the property of Christ, but proceedeth of the malice of men, which love not the light, but darkness, and are offended with the word of salvation.


 36  (*) And a manís enemies shall be they of his own household.


(*) Micah 7:6 . 


 37  (*) (9) He that loveth father or mother more than me, is not worthy of me. And he that loveth son, or daughter more than me, is not worthy of me.


(*) Luke 14:26 .

(9) Nothing without exception is to be preferred before our duty to God.


 38  (*) And he that taketh not his cross, and (♣) followeth after me, is not worthy of me.


(*) Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23; Luke 14:27 .

(♣) Also they that invent any other way to honor God, than that he hath prescribed by his word, follow not Christ, but go before him.


 39  (*) He that will find (p) his (♣) life, shall lose it; and he that loseth his life for my sake, shall find it.


(*) John 14:25 .

(p) They are said to find their life, which deliver it out of danger; and this is spoken after the opinion of the people which think them clean lost that die, because they think not of the life to come.

(♣) He that doth prefer his life before my glory.


 40  (10) He that receiveth you, receiveth me; and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that hath sent me.


(10) God is both author and revenger of his holy ministry.


 41  (*) (11) He that receiveth a (♣) Prophet in (q) the name of a Prophet, shall receive a Prophetís reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man, in the name of a righteous man, shall receive the reward of a righteous man.


(*) Luke 10:16; John 13:20 .

(11) We shall lose nothing that we bestow upon Christ.

(♣) We must reverence Christ in his servants, and receive them, and honor them for their office sake.
(q) As a Prophet.


 42  (*) And whosoever shall give unto one of these (r) little ones to drink a cup of cold water only, in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.


(*) Mark 9:41 .

(r) Which in the sight of the world are vile and abject.

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