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Matthew 19


1 And (*) it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he (a) departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judea beyond Jordan.


(*) Mark 10:1 .

(a) Passed over the water out of Galilee into the borders of Judea.


 2 And great multitudes followed him, and he healed them there.


 3  ∂ (1) Then came unto him the Pharisees tempting him, and saying to him, Is it lawful for a man to (b) put away his wife upon every (*) fault?


(1) The band of marriage ought not to be broken, unless it is because of fornication.
(b) To send her a book of divorcement, afore Matthew 1:19 .

(*) Or, cause.


 4 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, (*) that he which made them at the beginning, made them male and female,


(*) Genesis 1:27 .


 5 And said, (*) For this cause, shall a man leave father and mother, and (c) cleave unto his wife, and they (d) (♣) twain, shall be one (♠) flesh.


(*) Genesis 2:24; 1 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 5:31 .

(c) The Greek word imported to be glued unto, whereby is signified that streit knot, which is between man and wife, as though they were glued together.
(d) They which were two, become as it were one; and this word flesh is by a figure taken for the whole man, or the body after the manner of the Hebrews.

(♣) They that afore were as two, shall be now as one person.

(♠) Or, person.


 6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. Let not man therefore put asunder that, which God hath (e) coupled together.


(e) Hath made them yoke fellows, as the marriage itself is by a borrowed kind of speech called a yoke.


 7  (2) They said to him, Why did then (*) Moses command to give a bill of divorcement, and to put her away?


(2) Because politic Laws are constrained to bear with some things, it followeth not by and by that God alloweth them.

(*) Deuteronomy 24:1 .


 8 He said unto them, Moses, (f) because of the (*) hardness of your heart, (g) suffered you to put away your wives; but (♣) from the beginning it was not so.


(f) Being occasioned by reason of the hardness of your hearts.

(*) It was to avoid the cruelty, that men would have used towards their wives, if they had been forced to retain them in their displeasure, fury and malice.
(g) By a politic law, not by the moral law; for this law is a perpetual law of God's justice, the other boweth and bendeth as the carpenter's Bevel.

(♣) That is, at the beginning, and by Godís ordinance.


 9 I say therefore unto you, (*) that whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be (h) for whoredom, and marry another, (♣) committeth adultery; and whosoever marrieth her which is divorced, doeth commit adultery.


(*) Matthew 5:32; Mark 20:11; Luke 16:18; 1 Corinthians 7:11 .

(h) Therefore in these days the Laws that were made against adulterers were not regarded; for they should have needed no divorcement, if marriage had been cut asunder with punishment by death.

(♣) For this band cannot be broken at manís pleasure.


 10 Then said his disciples to him, If the (i) matter be so between man and wife, it is not good to marry.


(i) If the matter stand so between man and wife, or in marriage.


 11  (3) But he said unto them, All men cannot (k) receive this thing, save they to whom it is given.


(3) The gift of continency is peculiar, and therefore no man can set a Law to himself of perpetual continency.
(k) Receive and admit, as by translation we say, that a straight and narrow place is not able to receive many things.


 12 For there are (*) some (l) (♣) eunuchs, which were so born of their motherís belly; and there be some eunuchs, which be gelded by men; and there be some eunuchs, (♠) which have (m) gelded themselves for the kingdom of heaven. He (♦) that is able to receive this, let him receive it.


(*) Some by nature are unable to marry, and some by art.

(l) The word Eunuch is a general word, and hath divers kinds under it, as gelded men and bursten men.

(♣) The word signifieth (gelded) and they were so made because they should keep the chambers of noble woman; for they were judged chaste.

(♠) Which have the gift of continence, and use it to serve God with more free liberty.
(m) Which abstain from marriage, and live continently through the gift of God.

(♦) This gift is not commune for all men, but is very rare, and given to few; therefore men may not rashly abstain from marriage.


 13  ∂ (4) (*) Then were brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray; and the disciples rebuked them.


(4) Infants and little children are contained in the free covenant of God.

(*) Mark 10:13; Luke 18:15; Matthew 18:2 .


 14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not to come to me; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.


 15 And when he had put his hands on them, he departed thence.


 16  ∂ (5) (*) And behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?


(5) They neither know themselves not the Law, that seek to be saved by the Law.

(*) Mark 10:27; Luke 18:18 .


 17 And he said unto him, (*) Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, even God; but if thou wilt enter into life, (♣) keep the Commandments.


(*) Because this young man knew nothing in Jesus Christ but his manhood, he leadeth him to higher things, to the intent, that his doctrine might better take place.

(♣) He spake this that he might learn to know himself.


 18 He said to him, Which? And Jesus said, (*) These, Thou shalt not kill; Thou shalt not commit adultery; Thou shalt not steal; Thou shalt not bear false witness;


(*) Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:16; Romans 13:9 .


 19 Honor thy father and mother; and Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.


 20 The young man said unto him, I have (*) observed all these things from my youth. What lack I yet?


(*) He boasted much because as yet he knew not himself.


 21 Jesus said unto him, If (n) thou wilt be perfect, go, (*) sell that thou hast, and give it to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven, and come, and follow me.


(n) The young man did not answer truly in saying that he had kept all the commandments; and therefore he layeth out an example of true charity before him, to shew the disease that lay lurking in his mind.

(*) Christ hereby discovered his hypocrisy, and caused him to feel his own weakness, not generally commanding all to do the like.


 22 And when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful; for he had great (*) possessions.


(*) What hindrance men have by riches.


 23  (6) Then Jesus said unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, that a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.


(6) Rich men have need of a singular gift of God, to escape out of the snares of Satan.


 24 And again I say unto you, It is (o) easier for a (p) (*) camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.


(o) Word for word, it is of less Labor.
(p) Theophylact noteth, that by this word is meant a cable rope, but Caninius allegeth out of the Talmud, that it is a proverb, and the word Camel, signifieth the beast itself.

(*) Or, cable rope.


 25 And when his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved?


 26 And Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible, but with God (*) all things are possible.


(*) Who can frame menís hearts, so that they shall not set their minds on their riches.


 27  ∂ (*) Then answered Peter, and said to him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what therefore shall we have?


(*) Mark 10:28; Luke 18:28 .


 28  (7) And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say to you, that when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his Majesty, ye which followed me (♣) in the  (q) regeneration, (*) shall sit also upon twelve thrones, and judge the twelve tribes of Israel.


(7) It is not lost, that is neglected for God's sake.

(♣) In this work whereby the world is changed, renewed and regenerate; or to join this word with the sentence following and so take regeneration for the day of judgment, when the elect shall in soul and body enjoy their inheritance, to the end that they might know that it is not sufficient to have begun once.
(q) The regeneration is taken for that day, wherein the elect shall begin to live a new life, that is to say, when they shall enjoy the heavenly inheritance, both in body and soul.

(*) Luke 22:29 .


 29 And whosoever shall forsake houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my Nameís sake, he shall receive an (*) hundredfold more, and shall inherit everlasting life.


(*) The joy of conscience which Godís children feel even in their afflictions is a thousandfold more worth than all worldly treasures.


30  (8) (*) But many that are first, shall be last, and the last shall be first.


(8) To have begun well, and not to continue unto the end, doeth not only not profit, but also hurteth very much.

(*) Matthew 16:16; Mark 10:31; Luke 23:30 .





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