GENEVA BIBLE 1599
The Bible of the Pilgrims who founded America and also the Bible of the Reformation.
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1 And (*) (1) it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
(*) Mark 14:8; Luke 22:1 .
(1) Christ witnesseth by voluntarily going to death, that he will make full satisfaction for the sin of Adam, by his obedience.
2 (2) Ye know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of man shall be delivered to be crucified.
(2) God himself and not men, appointed the time that Christ should be crucified in.
3 (*) Then assembled together the chief Priests, and the Scribes, and the Elders of the people into the hall of the high Priest called Caiaphas;
(*) John 11:47 .
4 And consulted how they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill him.
5 But they said, Not on the (a) feast day, lest any uproar be among the people.
(a) By the word Feast, is meant the whole feast of unleavened bread; the first and eighth day of whereof were so holy, that they might do no manner of work therein, though the whole company of the Sanhedrin determined otherwise; And yet it came to pass through God's providence, that Christ suffered at that time, to the end that all the people of Israel might be witnesses of his everlasting sacrifice.
6 ∂ (*) (3) And when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper,
(*) Mark 14:3; John 11:2 .
(3) By this sudden work of a sinful woman, Christ giveth the guests to understand of his death, and burial which was nigh; the favor whereof shall will bring life to all sinners which flee unto him. But Judas taketh an occasion hereby to accomplish his wicked purpose and counsel.
7 (b) There came unto him a woman, which had a (c) box of very costly ointment, and (*) poured it on his head, as he sat at the table.
(b) For these things were done before Christ came to
Jerusalem; and yet some think that the Evangelists recite
(c) These boxes were of alabaster, which in old time men made hollow to put in ointments; for some write, that alabaster keepeth ointment without corruption, Pliny, book 13, chapter 1.
(*) He sheweth what occasion Judas took to commit his treason.
8 And when his (d) disciples saw it, they had (*) indignation, saying, What needed this (e) waste?
(d) This is a figure called Synecdoche; for it is said but of Judas that he was moved thereat, John 12:4 .
(*) This was through Judasí motion to whom they gave credit.
(e) Unprofitable spending.
9 For this ointment might have been sold for much, and been given to the poor.
10 (4) And Jesus knowing it, said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? For she hath wrought a good work upon me.
(4) We ought not rashly to condemn that which is not orderly done.
11 (*) (5) For ye have the poor always with you, but me shall ye not (♣) have always.
(*) Deuteronomy 15:11 .
(5) Christ, who was once anointed in his own person, must always be anointed in the poor.
(♣) This fact was extraordinary, nether was it left as an example to be followed; also Christ is not present with us bodily or to be honored with any outward pomp.
12 For (f) in that she poured this ointment on my body, she did it to (*) bury me.
(f) In that she poured this ointment upon my body, she did it to bury me.
(*) To honor any burial withal.
13 Verily I say unto you, wheresoever this Gospel shall be preached throughout all the world, there shall also this that she hath done, be spoken of for a memorial of her.
14 ∂ (*) Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief Priests,
(*) Mark 14:10 .
15 And said, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you, and they appointed unto him thirty (*) pieces of silver.
(*) Every one in value was about four pence half penny of old sterling.
16 And from that time, he sought opportunity to betray him.
17 ∂ (*) (6) Now (g) on the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the Passover?
(*) Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7 .
(6) Christ verily purposing to bring us into our country out
of hand, and so to abrogate the figure of the Law,
fulfilleth the Law, neglecting the contrary tradition and
custom of the Jews; and there withal sheweth that all things
shall so come to pass by the ministry of men, that secret
counsel of God shall govern them.
(g) This was the fourteenth day of the first month; and the first day of unleavened bread should have been the fifteenth, but because this days evening (which after the manner of the Romans was referred to the day before) did belong by the Jews' manner to the day following, therefore it is called the first day of unleavened bread.
18 And he said, Go ye into the city to such a man, and say to him, The master saith, (*) My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at thine house with my disciples.
(*) He maketh haste to a more worthy sacrifice, to wit, to that which the Passover signified.
19 And the disciples did as Jesus had given them charge, and made ready the Passover.
20 (*) So when the even was come, he (h) sat down with the twelve.
(*) Luke 22:14 .
(h) Because the Law appointed them to be shod, and have their staves in their hands, as though they were in haste, thereby it is to be gathered that they sat not down when they eat the Passover, but stood, for otherwise when they went to meat, they put off their shoes; therefore he speaketh here in this place, not of the Passover, but of the Supper, which was celebrated after that the Passover was solemnly done.
21 And as they did eat, he said, (*) Verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
(*) Mark 14:18; John 13:21 .
22 And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Is it I, Master?
23 And he answered and said, (*) He that (i) (♣) dippeth his hand with me in the dish, he shall betray me.
(*) Psalm 41:9 .
(i) That is to say, whom I vouchsafed to come to my table, alluding to the place. Psalm 41:10; which is not so to be understood, as though at the self same instant that the Lord spake these words, Judas had his hand in the dish (for that had been an undoubted token) but it meant of his tabling and eating with them.
(♣) He that is accustomed to eat with me daily at the table, Psalm 41:9 .
24 Surely the Son of man goeth his way, (*) as it is written of him; but woe be to that man, by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It had been good for that man, if he had never been born.
(*) To the intent his disciples might know that all this was appointed by the providence of God.
25 Then Judas (k) which betrayed him, answered and said, Is it I, Master? He said unto him, Thou hast said it.
(k) Whose head was about nothing then but to betray him.
26 ∂ (7) (*) And as they did eat, Jesus took the bread, and when he had (l) blessed, he brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; (m) (♣) this is my body.
(7) Christ minding forthwith to fulfill the promises of the old covenant, instituteth a new covenant with new signs.
(*) 1 Corinthians 11:24 .
(l) Mark saith, Had given thanks; and therefore blessing is not a consecrating, with a conjuring kind of murmuring and force of words; and yet the bread and the wine are changed, not in nature, but in quality, for they become undoubted tokens of the body and blood of Christ, not of their own nature or force of words, but by Christ his institution, which must be recited and laid forth, that faith may find what to lay hold on, both in the word and in the elements.
(m) This figurative speech, which is called Metonymy; that is to say, the putting of one name for another; so calling the bread his body, which is the sign and sacrament of his body; and yet notwithstanding, it is so a figurative and changed kind of speech, that the faithful do receive Christ indeed with all his gifts (though by a spiritual mean) and become one with him.
(♣) That is, a true sign and testimony that my body is made yours, and by me your souls are nourished.
27 Also he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye (n) all of it;
(n) Therefore they which took away the cup from the people, did against Christ his institution.
28 (o) For this is my (*) blood of the (p) New Testament that is shed for many, for the remission of sins.
(o) To wit, this cup or wine, is my blood Sacramentally, as in Luke 22:20 .
(*) The wine signifieth that our souls are refreshed and
satisfied with the blood of Christ, spiritually received so
that without him we have no nourishment.
(p) Or, covenant, that is to say, whereby the new league and covenant is made, for in making of leagues, they used the pouring of wine, and shedding of blood.
29 I say unto you that (*) I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine until that day, when I shall drink it new with you in my Fatherís kingdom.
(*) You shall no more enjoy my body presence till we meet together in heaven.
30 And when they had sung (q) a Psalm, they went out into the mount of Olives.
(q) When they had made an end of their solemn singing, which some think was six Psalms, beginning at Psalm 112 to Psalm 117 .
31 ∂ (8) (*) Then said Jesus unto them, All ye shall be (♠) offended by me this night; for it is written, I (♣) will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered.
(8) Christ being more careful of his disciples, than of himself, forewarneth them of their flight, and putteth them in better comfort.
(*) Mark 14:27; John 16:32; John 18:8 .
(♠) Shall turn back and be discouraged.
(♣) Zechariah 13:7 .
32 But (*) after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.
(*) Mark 14:28; Mark 16:7 .
33 But Peter answered, and said unto him, (*) Though that all men should be offended by thee, yet will I never be offended.
(*) This declareth what danger it is to trust to much to our strength.
34 (*) Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, that this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
(*) John 13:38; Mark 14:30 .
35 Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, I will in no case deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.
36 ∂ (*) (9) Then went Jesus with them into a place which is called Gethsemane, and said unto his disciples, Sit ye here, while I go, and pray yonder.
(*) Luke 22:39 .
(9) Christ having regard to the weakness of his disciples, leaving all the rest in safety, taketh with him but three to be witnesses of his anguish, and goeth of purpose into the place appointed to betray him in.
37 And he took unto him Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to wax sorrowful, and (r) (*) grievously troubled.
(r) The word which he useth, signifieth great sorrow, and marvelous and deadly grief; which thing, as it betokeneth truth of manís nature, which shuneth death as a thing that entered in against nature, so it sheweth that though Christ were void of sin, yet he sustained this horrible punishment, because he felt the wrath of God kindled against us for sins, which he revenged and punished in his person.
(*) He feared not death of itself, but trembled for fear of Godís anger towards sin, the burden whereof he bare our sakes.
38 (10) Then said Jesus unto them, My soul is very heavy, even unto the (*) death; tarry ye here, and watch with me.
(10) Christ a true man, going about to suffer the punishment which was due unto us, for forsaking God, is forsaken of his own; he hath a terrible conflict with the horror and fear of the curse of God; out of which he escaping as conqueror, causeth us not to be afraid any more of death.
(*) For he saw Godís anger kindled towards us.
39 So he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, (s) let this (*) (t) cup (♣) pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.
(s) Let it pass me, and not touch me.
(*) That is, the anger of God for manís sins.
(t) That is, which is at hand, and is offered and prepared for me; a kind of speech which the Hebrews use, for the wrath of God, and the punishment he sendeth; Matthew 20:22.
(♣) He knew what his Father had determined, and therefore was ready to obey but he prayeth as the faithful do in their troubles without respect of the eternal counsel of God.
40 (11) After, he came unto the disciples, and found them asleep, and said to Peter, What? Could ye not watch with me one hour?
(11) An example of the carelessness of man.
41 Watch, and pray, that ye enter not into temptation; the spirit indeed is ready, but the flesh is (*) weak.
(*) And therefore we must continually fight against the flesh.
42 Again he went away the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup cannot pass away from me, but that I must drink it, thy will be done.
43 And he came and found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy.
44 So he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.
45 Then came he to his disciples, and said unto them, (*) Sleep henceforth, and take your rest; behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is given into the hands of sinners.
(*) He speaketh this in a contrary sense, meaning they should anon be well wakened.
46 (12) (*) Rise, let us go; behold, he is at hand that betrayeth me.
(12) Christ offereth himself willingly to be taken, that in so obeying willingly, he might make satisfaction for the willful fall of man.
(*) Christ died willingly, and therefore presented himself to his enemies.
47 (*) And while he yet spake, lo, Judas one of the twelve came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, (u) from the high Priests and Elders of the people.
(*) Mark 14:43; Luke 22:47; John 18:3 .
(u) Sent from the high Priests.
48 Now he that betrayed him, had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that is he, lay hold on him.
49 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, (*) God save thee, Master, and kissed him.
(*) Or, Hail, rabbi.
50 (13) Then Jesus said unto him, (x) (*) Friend wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
(13) Christ is taken that we might be delivered.
(x) Christ reprehendeth Judas tauntingly, and rebuketh him sharply, for he knew well enough for what cause he came.
(*) He rebuketh his unkindness under the cloak of pretensed friendship.
51 And behold, one of them which were with Jesus, stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high Priest, and smote off his ear.
52 (14) Then said Jesus unto him, Put up thy sword into his (♣) place; (*) for all that (y) (♠) take the sword, shall perish with the sword.
(14) Our vocation must be the rule of our zeal.
(♣) Or, sheath.
(*) Genesis 9:6; Revelation 13:10 .
(y) They take the sword to whom the Lord hath not given it, that is to say, they which use the sword, and are not called to it.
(♠) The exercising of the sword is forbidden to private persons, also he would have hindered by his indiscreet zeal the work of God.
53 (15) Either thinkest thou, that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he will give me more than twelve (*) legions of Angels?
(15) Christ was taken, because he was willing to be taken.
(*) Every legion contained communally 6000 footmen, and 732 horsemen, whereby here he meaneth an infinite number.
54 (z) How then should the (*) Scriptures be fulfilled, which say, that it must be so?
(z) By this questioning, he answereth a sly objection, for they might have asked him why he did not in this his great extremity of danger, call to his Father for aid; but to this he answereth by a question.
(*) Isaiah 35:10 .
55 The same hour said Jesus to the multitude, Ye be come out as it were against a thief, with swords and staves to take me? I sat daily teaching in the Temple among you, and ye took me not.
56 But all this was done, that the Scriptures of the Prophets might be fulfilled. (*) Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
(*) Lamentations 4:20; Matthew 26:31 .
57 ∂ (*) (16) And they took Jesus, and led him to (a) Caiaphas the high Priest, where the Scribes and the Elders were assembled.
(*) Mark 14:53; Luke 22:54; John 18:14 .
(16) Christ being innocent is condemned of the high Priest
for that wickedness whereof we are guilty.
(a) From Annas to Caiaphas, before whom the multitude was assembled; John 18:13 .
58 And Peter followed him afar off unto the high Priestís (b) hall, and went in and sat with the servants to see the end.
(b) The word here used, signifieth properly an open large room before an house, as we see in Kingsí palaces and noble men's houses; we call it a court, for it is open to the air, and by a figure Synecdoche is taken for the house itself.
59 Now (*) the chief Priests and the Elders, and all the whole Council (♣) sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death.
(*) Mark 14:55 .
(♣) He declareth how Jesus was wrongfully accused, to the end that we may know his innocency, and not that he suffered for him self, but for us.
60 But they found none, and though many false witnesses came, yet found they (*) none; but at the last came two false witnesses,
(*) Which could justly witness against him.
61 And said, This man said, (*) I can destroy the Temple of God, and build it in three days.
(*) John 2:19 .
62 Then the chief Priest arose, and said to him, Answerest thou nothing? (c) What is the matter that these men witness against thee?
(c) How cometh it to pass that these men witness against thee?
63 But Jesus (*) held his peace. Then the chief Priest answered, and said to him, I (♣) charge thee by the living God, that thou tell us, if thou be that Christ the Son of God.
(*) Christ did neglect their false reports and moreover he was not there to defend his cause, but to suffer condemnation.
(♣) Or, adjure thee by thine allegiance towards God.
64 (*) Jesus said to him, (♣) Thou hast said it; nevertheless I say unto you, (d) Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man, sitting (e) at the right hand of the power of God, and come in the (f) clouds of the heaven.
(*) Matthew 16:27; Romans 14:20; 1 Thessalonians 4:14 .
(♣) Christ confesseth that he is the Son of God.
(d) This word distinguisheth his first coming from the
(e) Sitting with God in like and equal honor at the right hand of his power, that is, in greatest power; for the right hand signifieth among the Hebrews, that which is mighty and of great power.
(f) Clouds of heaven, look afore in Matthew 24:30 .
65 Then the high Priest (g) rent his (*) clothes, saying, He hath (♣) blasphemed, what have we any more need of witnesses? Behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.
(g) This was an usual matter among the Jews; for so were they bound to do, when they heard any Israelite to blaspheme God, and it was a tradition of their Talmud in the book of the Magistrates, in the title, of the four kinds of death.
(*) This was one of their own traditions, if they had heard any Israelite blaspheme.
(♣) The enemies of God call a true confession blasphemy.
66 What think ye? They answered, and said, He is worthy to die.
67 (*) Then spat they in his face, and buffeted him, and (♣) others smote him with rods,
(*) Isaiah 50:6 .
(♣) The officers smite Christ with their rods or little staves.
68 Saying, (*) Prophesy to us, O Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
(*) They mocked him after this sort that he might not seem to be a Prophet, and so would turn the peopleís minds from him.
69 ∂ (*) (17) Peter (h) sat without in the hall, and a maid came to him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee.
(*) Mark 14:66; Luke 22:55; John 18:25 .
(17) Peter by the wonderful providence of God appointed to
be a witness of all these things, is prepared to the example
of singular constancy, by the experience of his own
(h) That is, without the place where the Bishop sat, but not without the house, for afterward he went from thence into the porch.
70 But he denied before them all, saying, I (*) wot not what thou sayest.
(*) To know.
71 And when he went out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there, This man was also with Jesus of Nazareth.
72 And (*) again he denied with an oath, saying, I know not the man.
(*) An example of our infirmity that we may learn to depend upon God and not put our trust in ourselves.
73 So after a while, came unto him they that stood by, and said unto Peter, Surely thou art also one of them; for even thy speech bewrayeth thee.
74 Then began he to (i) curse himself, and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.
(i) He swore and cursed himself.
75 Then Peter remembered the words of Jesus, which had said unto him, Before the cock crow thou shalt deny me thrice. So he went out, and (*) wept bitterly.
(*) He was lively touched with repentance by the motion of Godís Spirit, who never suffereth his to perish utterly, though for a time they fall, to the intent they may feel their own weakness and acknowledge his great mercy.
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1 Corinthians 14:8
And also if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to battle?
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