GENEVA BIBLE 1599

 

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Romans 6

 

 

 1 What (1) shall we say then? Shall we continue still in (a) sin, that grace may abound? God forbid.

 

(1) He passeth now to another benefit of Christ, which is called sanctification or regeneration.
(a) In that corruption; for though the guiltiness of sin be not imputed to us, yet the corruption remaineth still in us; the which Sanctification that followeth Justification killeth by little and little.

 

 2  (2) How shall we, that are (b) (*) dead to sin, live yet therein?

 

(2) The benefit of Justification and Sanctification, are always joined together inseparably, and both of them proceed from Christ, by the grace of God; Now sanctification is the abolishing of sin, that is, of our natural corruption, into whose place succeedeth the cleanness and pureness of nature reformed.
(b) They are said of Paul to be dead to sin, which are in such sort made partakers of the virtue of Christ, that the natural corruption is dead in them, that is, the force of it is put out, and it bringeth not forth his bitter fruits; and on the other side, they are said to live to sin, which are in the flesh, that is, whom the Spirit of God hath not delivered from the slavery of the corruption of nature.

(*) He dieth to sin in whom the strength of sin is broken by the virtue of Christ, and so now liveth to God.

 

 3  (3) Know ye not, that (*) all we which have been baptized into (c) (♣) Jesus Christ, have been baptized into his death?

 

(3) There are three parts of this Sanctification, to wit, the death of the old man or sin, his burial, and the resurrection of the new man, descending into us from the virtue of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ, of which benefit our baptism is a sign and pledge.

(*) Galatians 3:27 .
(c) To the end that growing up in one with him, we should receive his strength, to quench sin in us, and to make us new men.

(♣) Which is, that growing together with him, we might receive virtue to kill sin, and raise up our new man.

 

 4  (*) We are buried then with him by baptism into his death, that like as Christ was raised up from the dead (d) by the glory of the Father, so (e) we also should (♣) walk in newness of life.

 

(*) Colossians 2:12 .

(d) That Christ himself being discharged of his infirmity and weakness, might live in glory with God forever.
(e) And we which are his members rise for this end, that being made partakers of the selfsame virtue, we should begin to lead a new life, as though we were already in heaven.

(♣) Ephesians 4:23; Colossians 3:8; Hebrews 12:2; 2 Peter 2:1 .

 

 5  (4) (*) For if we be (♣) planted with him (♠) to the (f) similitude of his death, even so shall we (g) be to the similitude of his resurrection,

 

(4) The death of sin and the life of righteousness, or our engrafting into Christ, and growing up into one with him, cannot be separated by any means, neither in death nor life, whereby it followeth, that no man is sanctified, which lived still to sin, and therefore is no man made partaker of Christ by faith, which repenteth not, and turneth not from his wickedness, for as he said before, the Law is not subverted, but established by faith.

(*) 1 Corinthians 6:14; 2 Timothy 2:11 .

(♣) The Greek word meaneth, that we grow up together with Christ, as we see moss, ivy, mistletoe, or such like grow up by a tree and are nourished with the juice thereof.

(♠) If we by his virtue die to sin.
(f) In so much as by the means of the strength which cometh from him to us, we so die to sin as he is dead.
(g) For we become every day more perfect than others; for we shall never be perfectly sanctified, as long as we live here.

 

 6 Knowing this, that our (h) old man is crucified with (i) him, that the (*) body of (k) sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not (l) serve sin.

 

(h) All our whole nature, as we are conceived and born into this world with sin, which is called old, partly by comparing that old Adam with Christ, and partly also in respect of the deformation of our corrupt nature, which we change with a new.
(i) Our corrupt nature is attributed to Christ, not in deed, but by imputation.

(*) The flesh wherein sin striketh fast.
(k) That naughtiness which sticketh fast in us.
(l) The end of sanctification which we shoot at, and shall at length come to, to wit when God shall be all in all.

 

 7  (5) For he that is dead, is (*) freed from sin.

 

(5) He proveth it by the effects of death, using a comparison of Christ the head with his members.

(*) Because that being dead we cannot sin.

 

 8 Wherefore, if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall live also with him,

 

 9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead, dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.

 

 10 For in that he died, he died (m) once (*) to sin; but in that he liveth, he liveth to (n) (♣) God.

 

(m) Once for all.

(*) That he might destroy sin in our flesh.
(n) With God.

(♣) And sitteth at the right hand of the Father.

 

 11 Likewise think ye also, that ye are (*) dead to sin, but are alive (♣) to God in Jesus Christ our Lord.

 

(*) We may gather that we are dead to sin, when sin beginneth to die in us; which is by the participation of Christís death, by whom also being quickened we live to God, that is, to righteousness.

(♣) In that ye are led with the Spirit of God.

 

 12  (6) Let not sin (o) reign therefore in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the (*) lusts thereof;

 

(6) An exhortation to contend and strive with corruption and all the effects thereof.
(o) By reigning, Paul meaneth that chiefety and high rule, which no man striveth against, and if any do, yet it is in vain.

(*) The mind first ministereth evil motions, whereby manís will is enticed; thence burst forth the lusts by them the body is provoked, and the body by his actions doeth solicit the mind; therefore he commandeth, at the least that we rule our bodies.

 

 13 Neither (p) give ye your (q) members, as (r) (*) weapons of unrighteousness unto sin; but give yourselves unto God, as they that are alive from the dead, and give your members as weapons of righteousness unto God.

 

(p) To sin, as to a Lord or Tyrant.
(q) Your mind and all the powers of it.
(r) As instruments to commit wickedness withal.

(*) Or, instruments, or armor.

 

 14  (7) For sin shall not have dominion over you, for ye are not under the (*) Law, but under (♣) grace.

 

(7) He granteth that sin is not yet so dead in us that it is utterly extinct; but he promised victory to them that contend manfully, because we have the grace of God given us which worketh so, that the Law is not now in us the power and instrument of sin.

(*) Which is the declaration of sin.

(♣) Endued with the Spirit of Christ.

 

 15  (8) What then? Shall we sin, because we are not under the Law, but under grace? God forbid.

 

(8) To be under the law and under sin, signify all one, in respect of them which are not sanctified, as on the contrary side, to be under grace and righteousness, agree to them that are regenerated. Now these are contraries, so that one cannot agree with the other; Therefore let righteousness expel sin.

 

 16  (*) Know ye not, that to whomsoever ye give yourselves as servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey, whether it be of sin unto death, or of (♣) obedience unto righteousness?

 

(*) John 8:34; 2 Peter 2:19 .

(♣) Shewing that none can be just which doeth not obey God.

 

 17  (9) But God be thanked, that ye have been the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart unto the (s) form of the doctrine, whereunto ye were (*) delivered.

 

(9) By nature we are slaves to sin, and free from righteousness, but by the grace of God we are made servants to righteousness, and therefore free from sin.
(s) This kind of speech hath a force in it; for he meaneth thereby that the doctrine of the Gospel is like unto a certain mold in which we are cast into to be framed and fashioned like unto it.

(*) To conform yourselves unto it.

 

 18 Being then made (*) free from sin, ye are made the servants of righteousness.

 

(*) It is a most vile thing for him that is delivered from the slavery of sin, to return again to the same.

 

 19 I speak (*) after the manner of man, because of the infirmity of your flesh, for as ye have given your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity, to commit iniquity, so now give your members servants unto righteousness in holiness.

 

(*) Leaving to speak of heavenly things, according to your capacity, I use these similitudes of servitude and freedom, that ye might the better understand.

 

 20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were (t) freed from righteousness.

 

(t) Righteousness had no rule over you.

 

 21  (10) What fruit had ye then in those things, whereof ye are now ashamed? For the (u) end of those things is death.

 

(10) An exhortation to the study of righteousness and hatred of sin, the contrary ends of both, being set down before us.
(u) The reward or payment.

 

 22 But now being freed from sin, and made servants unto God, ye have your fruit in holiness, and the end, everlasting life.

 

 23  (11) For the (*) wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

 

(11) Death is the punishment due to sin, but we are sanctified freely, unto life everlasting.

(*) Sin is compared to a tyrant which reigneth by force, who giveth death as an allowance to them that were preferred by the Law.

 

 

 

Steve

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